April 3, 2020
  • 11:33 am US Navy Must Do This to Defeat Chinese in War
  • 11:33 am US NAVY HAS A NEW WAY TO COUNTER DRONES -USS DEWEY GETS ODIN !
  • 11:32 am Dragunov Variations: Military SVD, Izhmash Tiger, Chinese NDM-86
  • 11:32 am Autonomous weapons could change battlefields of the future [Advertiser content from ICRC]
  • 11:32 am US Nimitz Class vs Russia’s Admiral Kuznetsov Aircraft Carrier – Military / Navy Comparison
Heavy Machine Guns of the Great War


Hey guys thanks for tuning in to another
video on forgotten weapons. There’s another video series going on
right now, and will continue to go on for another couple of years, that you really
should check out if you haven’t already. It’s called the Great War and it’s
hosted by a fellow named Indy Neidell what he does is every week he recounts
history of World War one as it happened a hundred years ago that
week. So if you watch it regularly you get a running update on the war every week. It’s a fantastic way to keep
track of this war that really was so complex that it’s almost impossible to
really, to understand, or to grasp in a single book or a single narrative. Being
able to stretch it out through literally the same time frame that it originally
took place in its a really cool idea and i really get a kick out of watching it
myself. Now i notice that these guys are
headquartered in Europe and their access to live firearms is. . . well, not as as easy
as mine so I thought it would be cool to do a video here on the heavy machine
guns of the Great War something that can kind of supplement the great work that
they’re doing over at the Great War channel. So i have with me here today three of the main machine guns that were
used during the first world war specifically on the western front. We have a German MG08, Maschinengewehr
08. We have a French Hotchkiss model of 1914, and we have a British Vickers
gun. Now one of the great ironies of the
First World War (dark ironies, but irony all the same) is that the majority of the machine guns
used worldwide on both sides were invented all by the same man. So the man who invented this gun was Sir
Hiram Maxim he was an American born here in the US,
and he was truly an inventive and technical genius. He couldn’t help but always be
working on something, tinkering, inventing, you name it. He in fact
made an early name for himself in the field of electronics, or rather
electrical power generation and he was so good at it that he actually was a
legitimate competitor to Thomas Edison. So much so that Edison’s financial
backers wanted him out of the way. So they offered him it’s kind of very lucrative fake job.
They wanted to pay him to go to Europe for 10 years and keep an eye on the European
electrical developments but under no circumstances was he to invent anything
himself. They just wanted him out of the way so
that he wouldn’t compete with Edison. Well the price they offered him was
twenty thousand dollars a year which was quite the princely sum in 1881, when he
accepted the offer. He troubled himself over to London, set up an office and
immediately got very bored. He was not the sort of guy who could
just take a bunch of money and kick back and relax and live the easy life.
He wanted to be doing something, so he recounted later this is an apocryphal
story but he met an American friend in 1882 just happened to run into him and
was complaining about this and and his friends said “hang your electricity and
your chemistry!” “If you really want to make a pile of
money, invent some device which will allow these Europeans to cut each
other’s throats with greater facility!” So this comment by his friend really
kind of sparked an idea with Maxim, and by 1886 he had developed his first
functional prototype machine gun. It was a pretty big ungainly affair, but
you know what? It worked! And it worked remarkably well.
Now the Germans were one of the very first early adopters of the maxim gun
and ironically the British were another very early adopter. the Kaiser was so
ecstatic when he first saw the demonstrations of the maxim gun that he
actually purchased the first few for the German military out of his own pocket. They would go on to adopt various
versions of the maxim gun, ultimately culminating in the MG08.
Maschinengewehr 1908. So as early as 1892 the Ludwig Loewe company in Germany had signed a production license agreement to
manufacture Maxim guns for the German military and they went right on doing
that. Now Ludwig Loewe eventually became DWM, and during the war they manufactured
thousands upon thousands of these MG08. One of the elements that really
distinguishes this german version of the gun from all others was it mount. This
guy! This is called a sled mount, it was
designed, it was it’s an interesting and effective design. The front legs can be
adjusted up and down to elevate or depress the gun, so that depending on how much cover you have in front of the gun you
can raise the gun up just above it. It has a number of storage compartments
on the back here, for spare bolts, cleaning equipment, spare barrel,
everything you need to run the gun. You can run these front legs perfectly
out horizontal, and then two men can easily carry the gun on its mount. You
can see there’s a cup clamp bracket up here that attaches the gun to the mount.
We have an elevation adjustment which allows us to precisely elevate and
depress the gun. There is also a traverse. *moves MG08* It’s a fairly limited traverse but in
world war one tactics the idea was to set up a number of these guns with
interlocking fields of fire covering specific important areas and utterly
annihilated anyone who walked into those areas. So a wide field of Traverse wasn’t
really a necessity the way these guns were being used. Now you’ll also notice
there’s a big chunk of iron on top of this gun. The Germans developed a four-part set of
armor for the guns. Now this only has a single piece. This
has the water jacket shield. It has a little hole here, so you can see
your sigths. There originally would have been a face plate up here to protect the
front of the water jacket. That face plate was actually the most popular
piece of the armor followed by this water jacket cover. The other two pieces
were big armored plate that sat down below here to help protect the gunner
and then an even larger armor plate that went up above the top of the gun. Those were issued at the beginning of
the war but it was quickly discovered that they made. . . Well they were a decent piece of armor.
They were an even better target for enemy artillery and sniper fire. And so those top plates disappeared
pretty quickly. In fact what Gunners would often do is
take the top plate armor, and they go set it up somewhere else on the trench where
there wasn’t anybody around and let allied artillery Gunners lose their
shells over there and leave the actual machine gun emplacement untouched. So in broad strokes what is a Maxim or
Vickers gun? Well the idea was to develop a firearm that
could fire functionally as long as it had ammunition supplied. Potentially
indefinitely. Now there are a number of obstacles that
one has to overcome in order to meet that technical goal. The first is to have an action that is
reliable. That as long as you presented with ammunition it will fire it and inject the empty
case. That’s something that Maxim did fantastically well. The Vicker’s gun in
particular, and the Maxim guns in general are generally regarded to some of the
most reliable machine guns ever develop even to this day. Now part of the reason they were able to
do that is because they were quite heavy. Vickers gun here with its tripod and
with its water which we’ll get to in a moment, weighs about a hundred pounds.
The MG08 that the Germans used is even heavier it’s a larger gun, it has more
accessories built onto the tripod and a heavier (not the tripod, but the sled) and
it’s a heavier sled in general that MG08 with all of its accessories ready to
go that’s a hundred and fifty two pounds. So
with all that weight it was possible to make very durable components. Now the second problem, or potential
obstacle, in this technical challenge is you have to be able to feed the gun a lot of ammunition quickly. What maxim came up with was the belt feed. *pulls sling* So he would use a cloth belt which has
individual pockets for each cartridge. Typical belt length was 250 rounds. This is not quite 27 feet long but I
have heard people suggest that this belt is potentially the source of the English
slang: “The whole nine yards” as in “give them the
whole nine yards of ammunition!” At any rate a 250 round belt would last
somewhere around 30 seconds of continuous firing, and it was fairly easy
to load new one. You take the end tab, slide it through
the gun, lock the first cartridge in place, rack the charging handle, and you’re
ready to go. So that’s how Maxum conquered that
obstacle. The next obstacle is: if you’re firing
continuously and these guns ran at 450 to 500 rounds per minute, well you’re going to overheat the gun!
The barrel is going to get really hot, it may explode, it’s not going to go well.
You have to have some way to cool a gun and Maxim’s method for cooling the gun
was too in case the barrel in this big jacket which would then be full of water. We have a little plug here, can open it
up, pour water in. That water prevents the gun barrel from getting any hotter than
the boiling point of water. So as long as you can keep refilling this jacket, keep it full of water the gun stays cool
enough to fire. Between the belted ammunition and the water cooling jacket these guns quite literally could fire
indefinitely. There are some testing done on a Vickers gun when these were
finally put out of service by the British in the 1960s, where a gun was
actually fired for almost seven days and nights continuously. And it worked! The
whole time! And it was still functional at the end of that test! As long as you keep the water and keep
the ammunition coming these guns will not stop firing. And that’s part of what made their use
in the First World War so incredibly bloody, is that the gun
simply worked. So the French had tested the maxim in the eighteen nineties. In fact
virtually everybody in the world had tested the maxim gun around that time,
and they were fantastic guns they were adopted by almost everybody. Obviously the British Empire, the German
Empire, both made the Maxim their standard machine gun. They were very popular in the Balkans.
Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Montenegro, all had standardized on the Maxim gun. Italy had bought a number of Maxim’s
although they would go on to use their own Fiat Ravelli version. Or Fiat Ravelli
machine gun during the war instead. The Russian military standardized on the
Maxim gun. China standardize the Maxim gun, although
that wouldn’t come until nearly the beginning of World War two. The guns were extremely popular
worldwide, and France frankly was one of the few major powers that decided not to
use the Maxim. Instead they chose this design, the
Hotchkis, this is a model of 1914 Hotchkiss dates originally back to the
18 to 1897. Now it’s kind of (again) darkly ironic is
that this gun was originally invented by an Austrian military officer. Captain
Baron Adolf von Odcollec(?). Now captain Baron Adolf off had gone around looking for
potential buyers for his design. Didn’t find any until he got to the Hotchkiss
company in France. Benjamin Hotchkiss the American founder
of the company was long dead at this point, but the the company was being run
by a couple of very capable designers. And they looked at his patent and they
thought “There are some pretty serious flaws with it but we see potential.” And
so rather than put it into production on a royalty basis they bought this pattern
out right from him. They then went about making a bunch of
modifications to it. What they ended up with was a gun which is air cooled, has a
long gas piston running underneath the barrel, and it’s fed by a metallic strip.
So in several fundamental ways this is different from the Maxim gun. The first and most obvious one is out
here cooling the gun. There are problems with water let’s just put it that way. You have to
carry your water. You have to be refilling the water jackets as the guns are firing
every so often. You also have the problem of what if a piece of shrapnel hits the
water jacket? That’s why we have this armor on the
German MG08. And it was a very real thing. Armies issued patching kits, because
if you have something punctured that water jacket and the water drained out,
well, the barrel inside there is very thin and without the water it can’t fire for very long before it
overheats to the point of not being usable. So the French decided that they
could avoid all of those problems by going with an air-cooled gun. And in
order to make this gun. . . In order to give it the sustained fire capability of
a water-cooled they made the barrel very very thick and heavy, so that it can take
a lot of heat, a lot of thermal energy before the
temperature of the barrel goes up. Now they also added these five very
distinctive donut rings. These are all solid metal and they’re simply there to
increase the mass and the surface area of the barrel to increase cooling capacity. Now this still wasn’t quite as durable
for sustained fire as the Maxim and it’s variants. Official French policy was that
for every thousand rounds fired continuously, you then had to spend four
and a half minutes letting the gun cool and sponging down the barrel with water.
So it’s not perfect, but it does legitimately avoid some of the potential
problems of a water jacket. The other practical real-world difference between
the Hotchkiss and the maxim guns was it’s . . . its feed mechanism. Now we’ve got these belts that were used
by the Maxim guns of all variants Hotchkiss instead fed these guns with 30
round metallic strips. They had some pros and cons. The downside is of course this gun had
30 rounds capacity compared to 250 or potentially even more for the Maxims. so
every 30 rounds the assistant gunner would have to reload the gun. The advantage was that the metal feed
strips didn’t have some of the potential problems of belts. It was discovered very quickly that you
have to keep machine gun belts dry. If they get wet the cloth belts tend to shrink and
tighten, and they would often tighten enough that the action of the machine
gun was insufficient to pull cartridges out. That’s a problem! And so a lot of work
had to go into making sure that these belts stay dry and usable in these
horrific conditions of War. The metal feed strips of the Hotchkiss on the other
hand are impervious to a lot of these things. They simply. . . . they wouldn’t
shrink, tension on the cartridges was always the same, and that made for a
simpler operating mechanism. Unfortunately they also bend. You Can’t . . . You know.
Bending a cloth belt it doesn’t matter, it just, it’s flexible.
The metal strips were not, and it was possible to bend them and then you’d
have to kind of bend them back into shape to fix them. So they were very
reasonable pros and cons to both of these systems and ultimately the French
decided on an air-cooled strip fed gun. The British and the Germans decided to
go with water cooled belt-fed guns. If you were on the receiving end of these
guns you probably wouldn’t tell much of a
difference. One of the area’s that’s not really all that well appreciated is that
these machine guns didn’t simply appear at the beginning of the first world. These guns were produced and in
widespread use in the eighteen nineties so 20 full years before the outbreak of
world war one and there is a question of: What did they do? Why?. . . Why did people go into world war one
not understanding and appreciating the horrific deadliness of these guns when
they existed for 20 years? And there are some interesting reasons for that. First off these guns were primarily used
effectively in colonial areas. So these guns were not seen as really
representing the true proper gentlemanly fighting spirit of how European armies
should act. The Continental Army’s, and this is particularly evident with the
French approach to war at the beginning of the Great War, was much more glamorous
and glorified. It wasn’t supposed to be one guy behind a machine gun simply
mowing down the enemy. That’s that’s not what war was supposed to be. So in Great
Britain in particular it was colonial commanders who first truly developed an
understanding of how to effectively use the early Maxim guns. They were in a
position where they had very limited manpower, they have limited resources, and
they were fighting vastly outnumbered all the time. And they they were able to
take these machine guns and and first really understand how to use them
against large numbers of attacking enemy. Unfortunately for the British these
commanders weren’t really all that influential back home, and when they
would come home talking of of the phenomenal fire power and potential
effectiveness of the Maxim guns, they weren’t really paid any attention. We also have the Russo-Japanese war
1904 and 05. This was really the first truly mechanized war where machine guns
like the early Maxim’s and the early Hotchkiss guns were put into use. We actually see entrenched positions
defended by machine-gun emplacements. And they were just as effective then as they
would prove to be in World War One. Now there are military observers from
all the great European states in this conflict, sending back reports, and they
too didn’t really get the recognition that they probably should have. Now the German army took these a little
more seriously. At the beginning of the war the German
army had the most machine guns and was kind of at the the leading edge, as far as there was such a thing in
mainland europe. But it would take the course of the war for all of the major
powers to two vastly multiply the number of machine guns that they had on hand. No one truly appreciated the
effectiveness of these guns, despite having ample opportunity to have seen
them, no one really understood it, until the
war truly got started. So rather than try to just explain this
lack of understanding of the machine gun, i think i can get the point across
better by relaying some of the words of a [non-commissioned officer] in the British Army named Edward
Spears, who was in the 11th hussars. A very fine and glorious, glamorous,
cavalry unit in the British Army. They’ve been in. . . in . . . in the charge of the Light
Brigade and that was the sort of history that this unit had. Well, Spears was put
in command of the machine gun section and he was quite the the fan of the
machine gun (probably naively so at the time) Says: “On
this occasion the whole brigade was carrying out mounted mass formation
maneuvers under the Brigadier in the Long Valley, and I was in charge of the
brigade machine guns. With the object, I suppose, of getting rid of me and my tiresome contraptions, which were not ornamental and were apt to get in the
way, I was told to ride off and see if i could put them to some intelligent use.”
And Spears idea of an intelligent use was quite different from his battalion
commanders- “Full of enthusiasm and finding a mound (a hill) with a beautiful
view of the brigade moving about in a solid mass of horsemen less than a
thousand yards away, I crept up and mounted my machine guns
there.” Goes on to talk about how he set up some lines of retreat in case anyone
happened to, you know, cavalry troop decided to charge at them to try and
eliminate them. But no one did. Through this whole exercise. He fired a a
few rounds of blanks just to get people’s attention and got no attention. “So nothing of the sort happened no one
paid the least attention to us so for 10 minutes i fired away at the
nominal rate of 600 rounds per minute, per gun. Then including that every one of
the two thousand men of the brigade would have been killed at least twice
over, and it would be a pure waste of ammunition to go on firing, I stopped. Exhilarated at this Holocaust
which of course included most of my friends, I cantered up to the bre. . .
brigade commander. We discard . . .describes as dark and hard looking sort, very stoic
British Army old guard sort of commander.” Who would apparently later served with
distinction in the Great War. Anyway, spears comes up and says to him
very happily: “You are all dead sir! telling him that his
command has all been annihilated. The commander instead glowered at him.
Expecting in my innocent some congratulations, I realized from this
expression that something had gone wrong. the gallopers sitting in their horses about
the commander looked blank. Then the general spoke at last: Never! he said. Never have I seen a lack
of cavalry spirit more blatantly displayed! Turning to those about him
he rasped out quote: “Here is a young cavalry officer who has the impertinence
to say that the infantry weapons he is so inappropriately karting about has
wiped out the 1st Cavalry Brigade! The finest mounted force in Europe! Get off your horse sir!” he barked at me.
“And handed over and walk back to the barracks the proper form of locomotion
for you!” That pretty well describes the general
European attitude towards machine guns. Heavy machine guns like these three
really show us the essence of world war one in microcosm I think. They are truly
the convergence of the industrial capacity to mass manufacture tens of
thousands of machine guns like this as well as the vast quantities of
ammunition that were fired through them the truly inhuman scale of killing
that these guns became capable of. You know there were there are elements, their
areas, these guns were used prior to world war one, but people failed to
really understand whatever what capacity they truly had. So I
hope that going forward as you watch Indy on the Great War and and follow the progress of the war i
hope this video helps put some perspective on the machine guns that you
will continue to hear about that will continue to wreak havoc on the
combatants in the First World War, through the end of 1918. Now if you
enjoyed the video of course tune back in to Forgotten Weapons. We’ll be taking a look
at some of these in a little bit more detail I would like to thank the Rock Island
Auction Company for providing me with access to all three of these guns. They
are actually all for sale here in the United States. If you would like to have, well, an
artifact of the First World War. A fully functional artifact of the first world
war in your own collection. I do have some links in the text below.
You can check out the auction pages for these three guns and bid on them
yourself if you’re here in the US and would like to own them. Thanks for watching and tune back in again to
forgotten weapons. 🙂

Tony wyaad

RELATED ARTICLES

100 COMMENTS

  1. George B. Wolffsohn Posted on March 3, 2019 at 12:31 am

    Oh ! "The whole nine yards" is NOT a football phrase. Pardon my ignorance.

    Reply
  2. Roger H Werner Posted on March 11, 2019 at 9:42 pm

    I have honestly spent years thinking about WWI; why it began, how it was fought, and the outcome. The video series, The Great War was brilliant and I regret not discovering it until late 2016. C&Rsenal last year began a long series on small arms of The great War, which serves as a compliment to the broader series on the war. In the video above, you touch upon an issue that can't be overstated. In 1914, no European government understood the true nature of industrial war: effective use of large caliber, long range artillery, masked machinegun fire, use of barbed wire, and rapid fire small arms. All things considered, had these been understood, war was likely inevitable. Had military leadership understood modern warfare it is likely that fewer would have died, and this is especially true for the year 1914, the war's most deadly.
    In total, some 1.4 million French soldiers were killed for This an average of 893 deaths per day. More than 4.3 million men where wounded for an average of 2745 per day, including 1,100,000 disabled, 300,000 mutilated, 42,000 blinded,
    15,000 broken faces. The deaths created 700,000 widows and more than 1,000,000 orphans. About 65% of these were caused by artillery. Between 81,000 and 97,000 men from the French colonies were killed, including 26,000 Algerians. Of France's total population 1 out of 20 were killed. Some 27,000 French soldiers were killed on 22 August 1914 at the Battle of Charleroi. Roughly52% of the total of men mobilized were killed or wounded. The year of 1914 was the bloodiest for the French Army with an average of 2,200 deaths per day. In 1915, during the Artois Offensive between 9May and 18 June , it cost 300,000 lives and wounded men to gain just 4 kilometres of territory. Between 10,000 and 12,000 soldiers from Corsica were killed. The French artillery fired more than 330,000,000 shells, or more than 210,000 rounds per day. About 36% of the soldiers aged between 19 and 22 were killed.

    These figures boggled the mind of people at that time. Yet it took quite some time for military leadership to alter their field tactics. Had they responded more quickly fewer might have died or been wounded.

    Reply
  3. Aslo Posted on March 13, 2019 at 4:48 am

    Why not make a gun with heatpipes and radiators like a cpu cooler?

    Reply
  4. Peter King Posted on March 13, 2019 at 5:02 am

    These are medium machine guns, not heavy. A heavy MG fires a larger cartridge than a standard rifle cartridge.

    Reply
  5. Peter King Posted on March 13, 2019 at 5:18 am

    I love your channel, very factual.

    Reply
  6. Bill Brockmann Posted on March 14, 2019 at 5:11 pm

    The way I heard it the length of the WWII era aircraft .50 Browning's belt was 27 ft.

    Reply
  7. James Neave Posted on March 14, 2019 at 7:56 pm

    Because of course, they're French.
    existentialism intensifies

    Reply
  8. anotherOneMore7 Posted on March 15, 2019 at 3:34 am

    Your points are reminding me of a series I started watching and can now not find. The first episode was the beginning of WWI and it portrayed very well exactly what you're talking about. The British army setting up for battle, etc. Then, after their first brief encounter, as they were holding on to that more romanticized idea of 'proper' warfare, and perhaps more accustomed to fighting a population that was greater in number but less technologically advanced, the result was that swiftly most of their highly experienced professional soldiers were dead or wounded, leaving only inexperienced younger soldiers to take their place and continue on with… day two… of WWI.

    Reply
  9. Thrakerzad Posted on March 16, 2019 at 5:40 am

    man you're like machine gun jesus

    Reply
  10. CorndogCrusader Posted on March 16, 2019 at 11:02 pm

    IT'S GUN JESUS!

    Reply
  11. PUNCHYOURFACE Posted on March 17, 2019 at 9:40 pm

    Imagine how different it would have been if all those guns had been using disintegrating belt links or just metal belts together. Such a small change could have changed things so majorly.

    Reply
  12. Geir Leirvik Posted on March 17, 2019 at 10:26 pm

    The whole 9 yard comes from concrete delivery a full load used to be 9 yard (cubic)

    Reply
  13. Jason Huff Posted on March 24, 2019 at 12:12 am

    France!!!!!…..
    …..YOURE DUMB!!!!
    Stay in the kitchen!!!!

    Reply
  14. Stephen in OZ Posted on March 24, 2019 at 4:45 am

    In WW2 in Africa, the Vickers came with a steam condenser that was a large can attached to the inlet and outlet in the water jacket. This effectively tripled the water capacity of the gun. In the Western Desert the troops were always short of water so they used urine. It actually had a higher boiling point than water. So if you wanted to go, you did it into the external can.

    Reply
  15. Wehex Posted on March 24, 2019 at 9:47 pm

    tak tak tak says the machinegunner taka taka tak agrees the machinegun

    Reply
  16. Derek Menzies Posted on March 31, 2019 at 1:49 pm

    176 thumbs down, no doubt fans of heavy machine guns who don't like them being referred to as remorseless murdering machines wielded by men without honour. lol

    Reply
  17. AceOfSpades2398 Posted on April 1, 2019 at 9:47 pm

    What about the Browning potato digger

    Reply
  18. corn chip charlie Posted on April 1, 2019 at 11:43 pm

    The whole nine yards comes from cement construction

    Reply
  19. Parsa Automatica Posted on April 2, 2019 at 5:23 pm

    I love your new hair style

    Reply
  20. William B Posted on April 4, 2019 at 12:41 pm

    Hello, again Ian, here in the below link is a modern heavy gauge machine-gun manufactured by the Russians. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IXQ17cNzGUg.
    I realize that you are best known for your expertise in older weaponry, still, I found this weapon rather compelling.

    Reply
  21. Monika Velichkova Posted on April 4, 2019 at 3:26 pm

    Bob Ross of machine guns.

    Reply
  22. signorpippistrello Posted on April 5, 2019 at 6:59 pm

    Like Ferry Porsche said building the 917: you can´t lose air out on the track.

    Reply
  23. GammonGubba Posted on April 6, 2019 at 3:05 pm

    Millions of dead natives: machine guns are very effective
    Military observers: machine guns are very effective
    Colonial commanders: machine guns are very effective

    Europeans: splendid, fuck off.

    Reply
  24. Larry Tate Posted on April 7, 2019 at 3:48 am

    Ian, this type of video is the reason I can not wait to see your next one. Great work!

    Reply
  25. Titan Omega Posted on April 12, 2019 at 1:42 am

    does anybody hear the phone ringing in the background in the first part.

    Reply
  26. J Kerfont Posted on April 16, 2019 at 2:34 am

    Cutting throats is just rude.

    Reply
  27. Tamas Mihaly Posted on April 17, 2019 at 2:29 am

    What a fine historian.

    Reply
  28. Lev Fedorov Posted on April 18, 2019 at 4:02 pm

    to purposefully invent a weapon that would facilitate killing of fellow human beings… I guess one should be a psychopath to do something like that
    I wonder are successful weapon inventors remorseful that their devices were used to kill so many people

    Reply
  29. Nijiru Posted on April 22, 2019 at 4:15 am

    Whatever happens, we have got. The Maxim gun, and they have not.

    Reply
  30. Michael Maxwell Posted on April 23, 2019 at 5:14 pm

    Extremely interesting and informative. Thanks for this video!

    Reply
  31. Inyalabudbud Punjabbidaliwad Posted on May 3, 2019 at 1:59 pm

    The Somme, showed exactly the buffoonery of Sir Douglas Haig, the British commander. His “spirit” for the old Napoleonic way of waging war, got over a half million men killed or wounded. The Battle of Passchendaele…..a quarter of a million. Final totals by the end of the war….2 million casualties. It is unbelievable the finest military force in the wold, was commanded by such idiots.

    Reply
  32. betterworld1 Posted on May 5, 2019 at 1:48 am

    incredible how oblivious people can be. surely the americans werent so stupid on the subject since they knew of the gatling gun?

    Reply
  33. David M Posted on May 7, 2019 at 1:37 am

    These weapons killed and wounded hundreds of thousands of men.

    Reply
  34. Dr. John Paladin Show Posted on May 8, 2019 at 12:03 am

    Should do the same for Viet Nam War…. week to week reports…. of course not the same without Walter Cronkite.

    Reply
  35. Andreas Strozewski Posted on May 13, 2019 at 5:41 pm

    good job like every time, I love the story at the end with this ignorant british officer!

    Reply
  36. Michal Gaik Posted on May 16, 2019 at 10:10 pm

    water freezes.

    Reply
  37. Steve Legend Posted on May 18, 2019 at 6:29 am

    Wouldnt have mattered what gun the french used, they would still have been terrible in both wars 😆

    Reply
  38. helicart Posted on May 19, 2019 at 10:56 am

    This guy is exceptionally articulate. Obviously highly intelligent.

    Reply
  39. Fox7466 Posted on May 20, 2019 at 2:11 pm

    Us Brits Tend to try to hang on to impossible and dis-proven facts long after they have been dis-proven and many still see life as an odds game where the facts will have to re run to a wager for a forever personal judgement. Personally as a Scot i believed the whole 9 yards to be the diameter of the average putting green. Thanks. UBT – Ubiquitous British Trait

    Reply
  40. nesbitt615 Posted on May 23, 2019 at 12:53 pm

    I just watched an old spaghetti western that exclusively used a hotchkins…… Mowed down the whole Mexican army

    Reply
  41. A Random Red Army Komrade Posted on May 25, 2019 at 9:52 am

    The "the whole nine yards" term actually came from gunners in the bombers

    Reply
  42. THE CRAZY GUY Posted on June 2, 2019 at 11:14 pm

    My great grandad got blown up in the battle of the some

    Reply
  43. THE CRAZY GUY Posted on June 2, 2019 at 11:15 pm

    This channel is so good

    Reply
  44. THE CRAZY GUY Posted on June 2, 2019 at 11:24 pm

    German empire failed and failed and failed which led too the most evil disgusting man too ever of walked this planet

    Reply
  45. Tempest Posted on June 4, 2019 at 11:36 pm

    Very glad I discovered this channel.

    Reply
  46. Tim Miller Posted on June 9, 2019 at 7:00 pm

    Would that mg08 run without a booster installed?

    Reply
  47. Don Timberman Posted on June 11, 2019 at 11:03 pm

    Just under 5,000,000 rounds and after inspection and Gauging Wear parts was found to need no service. Why don’t we make things like that today?!?!

    Reply
  48. Jordan Hendrix Posted on June 12, 2019 at 11:08 pm

    Interesting…I always assumed that "the whole 9 yards" was an American football reference…never mind that the first down is 10 yards, I assumed it was like if you had gained a yard and it was third or fourth down, but you were going for it.

    Apparently it is actually a machine gun reference from WWI. Interesting.

    Reply
  49. Trae Hanson Posted on June 17, 2019 at 5:13 am

    I envy your hair.

    Reply
  50. Jake Riegel Posted on June 18, 2019 at 1:31 am

    Thomas Edison was a dick

    Reply
  51. meloche1syndrome Posted on June 20, 2019 at 8:19 am

    Looking like a Klingon in the thumbnail. Lol

    Reply
  52. fredener1 Posted on June 23, 2019 at 11:54 am

    Funny side note: We germans have the term "0-8-15" – meaning something boring or ordinary. This originated from the MG08/15 as the operating training took a long time and was repetitive, while the meaning of ordinary for the term came from the fact that it was the first standardized gun across all german forces. This lead to the DIN (German industry norms), as the taper pin had to be manufactured precisely the same to fit in all guns

    Reply
  53. celldyn6969 Posted on June 27, 2019 at 10:47 pm

    Get a haircut

    Reply
  54. chub eye Posted on June 30, 2019 at 10:04 am

    The attitude hasn't changed in the UK, hence the same toffs are taking us out of the EU, with the same ignorance

    Reply
  55. haluk türker Posted on July 1, 2019 at 11:47 am

    Barbarlar yaptığınız korkunç ölüm makinalarını, zevk le anlatıyorsunuz ,barbar alçaklar.

    Reply
  56. Kyle Simon Posted on July 3, 2019 at 1:57 am

    But why didn't the gatling gun become the first machine gun?

    Reply
  57. D Dog 2015 Posted on July 5, 2019 at 10:52 am

    Rumour has it that the Brits would use the heat from the barrel to brew tea. Another rumour is pee would be used quite frequently on the front

    Reply
  58. M0NG0M4N Posted on July 5, 2019 at 3:44 pm

    Beautiful hair ! I love it

    Reply
  59. Peter Gustafsson Posted on July 7, 2019 at 9:04 pm

    I wish i have had You as my history teacher, this was truly interesting, greetings from Sweden

    Reply
  60. Redemption Posted on July 8, 2019 at 4:28 am

    You remind me very much of codyslab. The way you talk and compose yourselves are similar

    Reply
  61. RussianVideoVlogGuy Posted on July 11, 2019 at 7:07 am

    the french made garbage

    Reply
  62. Aleksei Brusilov Posted on July 12, 2019 at 7:56 am

    Bf1->great war ->forgotten weapons

    Reply
  63. Ken Mills Posted on July 13, 2019 at 10:32 am

    Must have been weird going into a war probably brought up as boys on stories of heroic Napoleonic-era cavalry charges etc to find you were little more than disposable target practice in a life-size funfair shooting gallery that offered little scope for any preconceived imaginary heroics.

    Reply
  64. Sepher Agon Posted on July 16, 2019 at 3:18 am

    I once saw a Katana made out of Damascus steel cut through the front armor of a turret of an Abrams tank. No lie, true story!

    Reply
  65. renegade_ace Posted on July 16, 2019 at 8:29 pm

    French always got to be different.

    Reply
  66. KenjiWatanabe1 Posted on July 26, 2019 at 4:01 pm

    08:14 that's an interesting thing to know. here's another nugget of wisdom for anyone who doesn't know it yet:
    I've heard that German speaking countries have a sort of proverb that stems from the Great War as well. When something is standardized or let's say you express that something is designed to be a carbon copy for easy use you say "that's 0815".
    for example if you have to use screws on a project and would ask what screws to buy they'd tell you just buy the regular "insert size here" screws, they are "0815" for the furniture you want to build.
    or another example would be windows since it's the "0815" operating system (what kind of OS do you use? oh just 0815 windows).
    you can also use the expression in a negative way. that's just 0815 stuff, I want something special! etc.

    A friend of the family told us that since he's German. He said he didn't even know where he or others got it from but it's stuck as a proverb and only after seeing a documentary about the Great War and finding out the machine guns used were 08/15 Maxims did his light bulbs light up. hahahaha I always found that fascinating. He also told us that to this day the youngest generation is using the expression, most not knowing of it's possible origins.
    If memory serves me well the actual German is "das ist 0815" (that is 0815) and the 0815's pronounced as zero eight fifteen, not zero eight hundred fifteen or the likes. think of it like "nil eight fifteen", that would be the best equivalent.

    for whatever it's worth I hope that made someone go "oooh, that's neat" like I did back then or just know with the whole 9 yards.
    Isn't it fascinating how the Great War shaped us all in more ways than one? ..

    Reply
  67. Rusty Axe Posted on July 27, 2019 at 5:51 am

    Histrionic condescending smarmy twat.

    Reply
  68. Kyle Qin Posted on July 28, 2019 at 4:45 am

    during the test fire mentioned at 9:33 at a RoF of 500 rounds per minute for 7 days that'd be 5,040,000 rounds of 303 british, an article of GUNS magazine in 1960 listed the price of 100 rounds of .303 brit for $7.50 (although I'm sure the British military got it way cheaper.. so let's say 1/10th of that at 75 US cents) that'd be $37,800 or $327,101.53. From this you can clearly see that I'm very bored right now

    Reply
  69. Scott cbo Posted on July 31, 2019 at 5:13 am

    Plz go and get a hair cut. You look like a hill billy

    Reply
  70. 1Nasty Nova Posted on August 1, 2019 at 5:46 am

    What wss With the orb at 12:12 right behind him

    Reply
  71. Omar Torres Posted on August 3, 2019 at 2:18 am

    That hotchkiss could possibly be hip fired by the right soldier as the 8mm label is not as recoil heavy as a .50 cal

    Reply
  72. Anonymous Interuptus Posted on August 4, 2019 at 2:32 am

    Could the German Maxim and the British Vickers use each other's ammunition belts if captured their ammunition stories ?

    Reply
  73. NachbarBO Posted on August 9, 2019 at 9:56 pm

    nize, a video with open hair. XD greetz from germany

    Reply
  74. Ryan D Tibbetts Posted on August 12, 2019 at 3:16 am

    Hiram Maxim was a Maine boy.

    Reply
  75. Beez1717 Beez1717 Posted on August 12, 2019 at 9:27 am

    It's insane how effective these weapons were! It was literally like the Touhou project bullet hell video games but you couldn't see the bullets, and by the time you heard them, they had already passed you. If things were set up right, you could potentially not leave a gap wide enough for a person to fit through once they got close enough.

    Reply
  76. Dylan Depetro Posted on August 16, 2019 at 4:25 am

    No, the “whole nine yards” came from America. The F6F hellcat to be exact, had in total nine yards of 12.7mm bullets. American pilots landing on carriers would say “I gave em the whole nine yards” to their maintenance crew to let em know they needed to completely rearm the aircraft (which they would of done anyway as well as refueling).

    Reply
  77. Uocjat Posted on August 16, 2019 at 2:03 pm

    i'm disappointed the British version doesn't have a spout and a slot for tea bags on the water jacket – fire a few belts, open spout, have a cup of tea and repeat

    Reply
  78. Seasonedgore Posted on August 17, 2019 at 1:06 am

    Got the Metal Slug, " Heavy Machine Gun!" pick up noise when I saw this

    Reply
  79. Magic Medic Posted on August 19, 2019 at 3:03 am

    You forgot to mention that the Vickers MG stayed in service well after WW2, till 1968, as the standard british HMG.

    Reply
  80. MVE Posted on August 20, 2019 at 3:08 am

    Millions of people were mowed down and slaughtered by those guns 😢 The mortal wounds inflicted by these guns are horrific.

    Reply
  81. northerniltree Posted on August 20, 2019 at 11:46 pm

    As much as I like these guns, unfortunately I find I'm allergic to them. Machine guns make me break out in little holes.

    Reply
  82. KENKENNIFF Posted on August 22, 2019 at 5:36 pm

    "I don't like your beard" – "brrrrappp"

    Reply
  83. gray Posted on August 22, 2019 at 8:48 pm

    My great grandfather was a British machine gunner at the Somme (he survived) … in one night his unit war dairy says they fired 140,000+ rounds

    Reply
  84. Tommy O Donovan Posted on August 22, 2019 at 10:52 pm

    The truly modern war was The American Civil war 1861-65…. Mechanization/Standardization/Mass production-Railway Transportation, rapid fire rifles and especially the Artillery (They were the real widow makers of WW1) were the harbinger of the slow meatgrinder attrition, stalemate, trench warfare, continuous front of WW1.

    Reply
  85. Dave Anderson Posted on August 28, 2019 at 12:58 pm

    My grandfather was the gunner on a Hotchkiss machine gun crew in WW1. He told me they had a three-man crew, a loader, a gunner and a jam extractor. Of course, I assume each carried a part of the gun set. He was wounded twice, once by a hand grenade and again by a rifle shot. He was my hero and lived till 1966.

    Reply
  86. fialee8 CA Posted on August 31, 2019 at 6:07 am

    Fists < Rock < Club < Sword < Bow/Arrow < Rifle/pistol < Machine Gun < Tank < Plane < Nuke

    Reply
  87. Peter Maclean Posted on August 31, 2019 at 2:57 pm

    WW1 was fueled by paranoia. Simple.

    Reply
  88. Dominic Griffin Posted on September 3, 2019 at 11:19 am

    Stop your frowning and grab your browning

    Reply
  89. Will Rogers Posted on September 3, 2019 at 11:35 am

    Man, all these science fiction/fantasy series showing human colonies defending themselves with lasers and all that crap are just hilarious. These colonies are supposedly way out on the fringes of human-controlled space, having to deal with all manner of hostile parties on a shoestring budget and a very rough infrastructure…and you’re giving them super high-tech pew-pew machines. If you want to be realistic about defending your colonies, I have two words for you: Maxim and Kalashnikov.

    Reply
  90. Steve Evans Posted on September 4, 2019 at 1:03 pm

    The whole 9 yards story sounds good and viable, except the phrase predates the gun. Sorry!

    Reply
  91. Topgun God Posted on September 4, 2019 at 4:09 pm

    On a completely unrelated topic… when's the next ANTIFAmily march?

    Reply
  92. Nicholas cook Posted on September 4, 2019 at 4:09 pm

    Didn't soldiers pee in the waterjacket?

    Reply
  93. Anthon de Vries Posted on September 5, 2019 at 11:38 am

    so they fired about 400 × 60 × 24 × 7 =‬ 4.032.000 rounds ho lee shite

    Reply
  94. Draugr Posted on September 5, 2019 at 1:53 pm

    Edison was, is and will forever be a talentless bastard who only stole others inventions.

    His treaturous deed cost humankind alot!
    Free energy, wireless energy and more that we probably never will know of.

    may he rott in hell were he belongs… together with J P Morgan & Co

    Reply
  95. Draugr Posted on September 5, 2019 at 2:03 pm

    Watch "Tuntematon sotilas//okänd soldat//The Unknown Soldier" a Finnish movie about a machine gun platoon (sic!)

    Reply
  96. Draugr Posted on September 5, 2019 at 2:12 pm

    Sorry if I'm spamming this but legend has it that Maxim set his machine guns to fire 666 rounds a minut

    Reply
  97. AgentQQ8 Posted on September 5, 2019 at 4:16 pm

    If they are forgotten how come he’s got a bunch of them right there? I call bullshit on this.

    Reply
  98. Ken Knotts Posted on September 5, 2019 at 6:16 pm

    Excellent video. It was very informative. Well done!

    Reply
  99. Carr D Posted on September 7, 2019 at 7:00 am

    "appreciate the horrific deadliness of these guns"………

    Reply
  100. Cristian Rudi Posted on September 7, 2019 at 9:40 am

    On some point, we could say for sure…almoust everybody: governments, army commanders, peoples, simply weren't prepare mentally for dealing with the results of what kind of carnage those machinery could inflict. They still hang out in some cavaleristic kind of war and strathegy. But with the time passed, they put all the arsenal to work, as they developed a lot begining 15 years earlier, machine guns, huge howitzers, large caliber guns… Even introducing some incredible cruel novelties: planes, tanks, flame throwers, scope rifles and finally, creme de la creme…gas!

    Reply
LEAVE A COMMENT