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Hong Kong’s huge protests, explained

The people of Hong Kong are out in the streets. Hundreds of thousands are demonstrating against
a deeply unpopular bill. But this is about a whole lot more than a bill. It’s about the status of Hong Kong
and the power China has over it. It’s a fight to preserve the freedoms people
have here. And it all started with a murder. On February 8, 2018, a young couple, Chan
Tong Kai and Poon Hiu-Wing, went from their home in Hong Kong to Taiwan for a vacation. They stayed at the Purple Garden Hotel in
Taipei for nine days. But on February 17th only one of them returned
to Hong Kong. There, one month later, Chan confessed to
murdering his girlfriend, who was pregnant at the time. But there was a problem. Hong Kong authorities couldn’t charge him
for murder, because he did it in Taiwan. And they couldn’t send him back to Taiwan
to be charged, because Hong Kong and Taiwan don’t have
an extradition agreement. So in 2019, Hong Kong’s government proposed
one: it would let them transfer suspects to Taiwan so they could be tried for their crimes. But the same bill would also allow extradition
to mainland China. Where there’s no fair trial, there’s no humane punishment, and there’s completely no separation
of powers. And that’s what sparked these protests. China and Hong Kong are two very different
places with a very complex political relationship. And the extradition bill threatens to give
China more power over Hong Kong. See, Hong Kong is technically a part of China. But it operates as a semi-autonomous region. It all began in the late 1800s, when China
lost a series of wars to Britain and ended up ceding Hong Kong for a period of 99 years. Hong Kong remained a British colony until
1997, when Britain gave it back to China, under a special agreement. It was called “One Country, Two Systems.” It made Hong Kong a part of China, but it
also said that Hong Kong would retain “a high degree of autonomy,” as well as democratic
freedoms like the right to vote, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, of assembly. And that made Hong Kong very different from
mainland China, which is authoritarian: Citizens there don’t have the same freedoms. Its legal system is often used to arrest,
punish, and silence people who speak out against the state. But according to the agreement, One Country,
Two Systems wouldn’t last forever. In 2047, Hong Kong is expected to fully become
a part of China. The problem is, China isn’t waiting
for the deal to expire. Under the rule of Chinese leader Xi Jinping,
pro-democracy leaders have already been arrested in Hong Kong. And mysterious abductions of booksellers have
created a threat to free speech. But Hong Kong has been pushing back. In 2003, half a million Hongkongers successfully
fought legislation that would have punished speaking out against China. And in 2014, tens of thousands of protesters occupied the city for weeks to protest China’s influence over Hong Kong’s elections. Now, Hong Kongers are fighting the extradition
bill, because the bill is widely seen as the next
step in China’s encroachment on Hong Kong’s autonomy. The sheer size of these protests shows you
just how much opposition there is to this bill. But if Hong Kong’s legislature votes on
the bill, it’ll probably pass. And that’s because of the unique nature
of Hong Kong’s democracy. For starters, Hong Kong’s people don’t
vote for their leader. The Chief Executive is selected by
a small committee and approved by China. And even though they’re the head of the
government, they don’t make the laws. That happens here. Like many democracies, Hong Kong has a legislature,
with democratically elected representatives. It’s called the Legislative Council, or
LegCo, and it has 70 seats. Within this system, Hong Kong has many political
parties, but they are mostly either pro-democracy or pro-China. In every election, Hong Kong’s pro-democracy
and anti-establishment parties have won the popular vote. But they occupy less than half of the seats
in the LegCo. This is because when Hong Kongers vote, they’re
only voting for these 40 of the 70 seats. The other 30 are chosen by the various business communities of Hong Kong. For example, one seat belongs to the finance
industry. One seat belongs to the medical industry. One belongs to the insurance industry. And so on. Many of these 30 seats are voted on by
corporations. And because big business has an incentive
to be friendly with China, those seats are dominated by pro-China political parties. When Hong Kong was handed over to China in
1997, Hong Kong and China made an agreement that eventually, all members of the council
would be elected by the people. But that never happened. And ever since the handoff, pro-China parties
have controlled the LegCo, despite having never won more than 50 percent of the popular
vote. The way it’s structured, they want to make
sure that the executive branch can have easy control over it. And that would serve Beijing very well indeed. Within this unique structure, the extradition
bill has created new tensions and fueled anger among pro-democracy politicians. And it’s driven hundreds of thousands of
Hong Kongers into the streets. While this isn’t Hong Kong’s first protest
against China’s influence, it is the biggest. And many say this time is different, because of the people involved. Professionals like lawyers and politicians are participating. Our legal sector staged their biggest ever protest parade. But it’s young people who are at the forefront,
since they have the most to lose. They are the first generation born under One
Country Two Systems. And in 28 years when that arrangement ends,
they’ll be Hong Kong’s professional class. I won’t be around anymore. It’s their future. It’s their Hong Kong. They have every
right to fight it. The protests have convinced Hong Kong’s
government to suspend the bill. But that’s not enough. Many want the bill withdrawn completely. That’s because these protests are also part
of a larger fight. To push back against China’s encroachment
now, not just when time’s up. 2047 is on its way. But it’s not here yet. And until then, Hongkongers still have a voice. History will tell whether we succeed, but even if we failed, history would say they did put up a fight and they didn’t just take things lying down. And that’s what we’re trying to do too.

Tony wyaad



  1. Vox Posted on August 22, 2019 at 9:15 pm

    UPDATE 8/22/19: Last weekend saw the largest peaceful march in Hong Kong since the start of the protests. Organizers say roughly 1.7 million people marched on the streets of Hong Kong.

    Vox's daily podcast, Today, Explained, breaks down the situation and its most recent developments:

    👉 Listen on Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/3pXx5SXzXwJxnf4A5pWN2A

    👉 Listen on Apple Podcasts: https://applepodcasts.com/todayexplained

    👉 Listen on Stitcher: https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/today-explained/e/63398553

  2. last game Posted on September 4, 2019 at 7:39 am

    For me that murder of his girlfriend was preplanned by Chinese govt.

  3. Lashan Posted on September 4, 2019 at 8:40 am

    The people of Hong Kong have more guts and determination than anyone else on the planet right now.

  4. Jack Hu Posted on September 4, 2019 at 9:34 am

    Hongkong is not colony,it`s concession!!!!!Everyone knows!!

  5. Jack Hu Posted on September 4, 2019 at 9:44 am

    Some committee members are voted by business people, and the want to be close to China, so they are not Hongkong people? Committee members are not voted by Hongkong people? What is the logic?

  6. barsha sahu Posted on September 4, 2019 at 9:50 am

    This seems more complex than physics😒😒😒😒

  7. Shaun Posted on September 4, 2019 at 10:07 am

    Funny that they're using pepe memes .. almost as though it's not actually a white supremacist symbol and is mostly just a versatile and easily memeable character that fear mongering authoritarian types like to frame as 'bad' to more easily paint their opposition as 'the enemy' so that they can dismiss their arguments UwU

  8. Justin Stockbridge Posted on September 4, 2019 at 10:08 am

    This is fantastic great work best info i’ve seen

  9. 林凯 Posted on September 4, 2019 at 10:30 am

    honkong is part of china forever

  10. Perry Chen Posted on September 4, 2019 at 12:23 pm

    ironically, they speak chinese, in what is a chinese SAR, and say that china is bad. they should probably be speaking english to make a better arguement, to clearly delineate their separation from china, or rather their desire to split from china. furthermore, china is pushing before 2047 to probably better prepare the hong kong people for when there is an actual change over.

  11. Chirag Lunagaria Posted on September 4, 2019 at 1:09 pm

    After Every Political Instability Analysis Video

    Brits : 😬

  12. funkystyle Posted on September 4, 2019 at 1:35 pm

    China and Chinese supporters are just childish at this point.

  13. Shaine Lockwood Posted on September 4, 2019 at 2:09 pm

    Although the state department and the CIA are definitely involved as instigators this movement is by no means strictly from those Origins too many people too much urgency for that to be the case

  14. Surtur Posted on September 4, 2019 at 2:10 pm

    Hmmmm chinese migrating to Hong Kong to infilitrate and affect their identity. Where have i heard of this before? Oh wait…Europe.

  15. Nathan Brito Posted on September 4, 2019 at 2:22 pm

    Brazil are with Hong Kong! 🇧🇷

  16. Aloof! lisa Posted on September 4, 2019 at 2:54 pm

    They want Democracy, Freedom

  17. Jeyaram Sathees Posted on September 4, 2019 at 3:12 pm

    China have to let go ,,, appreciate the Hong Kong people,,, also in Srilanka they dont let Tamil people live in peace,, always some problems because they have the government, our taxes used against us by military, no data is visible of the uses of tax for the Tamil people, and if there is a violence caused by them the police won’t take actions because they are all Sinhalese no Tamils…slowly but steadily they are
    taking our land as government lands and making Sinhala settlements,,,,,

  18. Hades Hades Posted on September 4, 2019 at 3:13 pm

    Yes Hong Kong!!!!! You are winners!!!!! Actually you need independence from China because your culture is completely different

  19. Brazilian American Patriotic Soldier Posted on September 4, 2019 at 3:15 pm

    White people infiltrated and built systems for people around the World…Now they have those freedoms they'd rather not give them up…it's actually Bad for everyone…China could take over the world with that population…🙏

  20. TnT Herobrine Posted on September 4, 2019 at 3:20 pm

    we throw molotov and set things on fire now. 😀
    please save our home :'D

  21. DEITYBLVCK Posted on September 4, 2019 at 3:20 pm

    You should do a video on xenophobia in South Africa

  22. Gary Freeman Posted on September 4, 2019 at 3:21 pm

    I was interested in learning about China. Then I saw this was by Vox so I turned it off as I dont trust them.

  23. Ath Qu Posted on September 4, 2019 at 3:45 pm


  24. chrissio McKenzo Posted on September 4, 2019 at 4:01 pm

    You go guys my Chinese brothers & sisters you're all so brave wish I was there with you lord bless you from🇬🇧🇬🇧we love what you're doing making a stand for you're rights & you're just beliefs keep going it l👀ks amazing on TV strong ppl dont mess with Chinese ppl🇬🇧🇨🇳🇬🇧🇨🇳🇬🇧🇨🇳🇬🇧🇨🇳🇬🇧

  25. New Something Posted on September 4, 2019 at 4:07 pm

    Send all these protesters to America please. I'm sure they can help.

  26. pratik2358 Posted on September 4, 2019 at 4:19 pm

    AmazING hongkong 💜

  27. Florida Gator Posted on September 4, 2019 at 4:22 pm

    I wonder why the Dem party wants to take our guns?

  28. Jimmy Joe Posted on September 4, 2019 at 4:34 pm

    Dear Hong Kong. Use your 2nd amendment rights to fight for your freedom. Oh yeah….. you dont have one. Sorry guys. Best wishes for ya Hmmmmmmmmmmmm

  29. Outsider 001 Posted on September 4, 2019 at 4:53 pm

    All started with a murder 🤔
    Full metal alchemist brotherhood

    The ishvalin(idk if I spell this correctly) war

  30. Ichbindich Das Posted on September 4, 2019 at 4:56 pm

    if hong kong losses, goodbye to china from rest of the world.. get ready for sanctions and everything possible…. if hong kong wins respect for China and its people…

  31. littlestone333 Posted on September 4, 2019 at 4:59 pm

    I respect their effort and courage.. but what are they gonna do when 2047 come? the only hope to me is only if China itself becomes more democratic and free, but i doubt it will ….hope the new generation will…but they r so brain washed……

  32. Gripr Kaðallsson Posted on September 4, 2019 at 5:06 pm

    They won!

  33. Praveen Kumar k v Posted on September 4, 2019 at 5:39 pm

    If china support Pakistan now India Will support Hong Kong for freedom

  34. Bass Red Posted on September 4, 2019 at 5:47 pm

    Hong Kong still lose.. In 20 years they still have to agree to something created by men they dont even know. Like a random person saying in 20 minutes cut off your foot..

  35. OBServe Garage Posted on September 4, 2019 at 6:13 pm

    In 2047, this is all a moot point. I fail to see the reason for the protest. These people aren’t gonna stop something that will occur eventually in just 28 years. Someone help me understand this.

  36. paul reufrir Posted on September 4, 2019 at 6:39 pm

    Hope these young people will feel the shame once they reach their middle ages, the demonstrations really has no point but to destabilize a good working government.

  37. 海洋资产评估 Posted on September 4, 2019 at 6:45 pm

    those protesters are conducting crimes under the umbrella of democracy!!!那些暴民抗议者在民主的保护伞下犯罪!!!!

  38. Moshelran Saka Posted on September 4, 2019 at 7:11 pm

    I can't understand… Hong Kong want to be a different country or different systems? And what is the problem?

  39. axelfoley20 Posted on September 4, 2019 at 8:00 pm

    Sounds to me like the boyfriend killing his girlfriend is a bunch of bs that China is making up to get this bill passed.

  40. Agressive_ Fluff Posted on September 4, 2019 at 9:35 pm

    What the fuxk is Europe doing having a tea party? Their ancestors wrote the fuxkin rights for Hong Kong they still have a big say so in this.
    (As far as i understand)

  41. RealPower Nature Posted on September 4, 2019 at 10:05 pm

    Wow how many people :O :O

  42. beautiful4everr 55 Posted on September 4, 2019 at 10:23 pm

    So China can apply rules only when it's convenient and beneficial to them but Hong Kong's rights have been violated for much too long.

  43. Jack cai Posted on September 4, 2019 at 10:56 pm

    A peaceful march you say? I saw riot and violence in the name of protest.

  44. Joselito Fandino Posted on September 4, 2019 at 11:52 pm

    They dont trust the chinese government. But that Does not matter, china owns hongkong, not them. The british readily gave them up, wonder why?

  45. jay jay Posted on September 5, 2019 at 12:22 am

    Ill explain it …..
    They are protesting socialism

  46. 坦克 Posted on September 5, 2019 at 1:21 am


  47. rockhard Posted on September 5, 2019 at 3:35 am

    china will stomp them down eventually
    and then fully integrate them into the hive

  48. wonderfulwowhaa lalak Posted on September 5, 2019 at 4:30 am

    those young men in hk, do not study neither go out for work, just spend their parent's money, and revenge the kids of the police, and someone called it , justify? exc m?

  49. Stan Chow Posted on September 5, 2019 at 5:43 am

    Remember Hongkong is part of China.And China support HK to pass the economic crisis. Support the resources. This video just interview the guy who agree to protest.But you overlook the protest is attack police,break the infrastructure, break the public system. It is true?Beautiful Scene? I am Chinese. I'm proud of my country. It's Chinese business,don't touch the line.

  50. Just 10 tv. inc. Posted on September 5, 2019 at 5:46 am

    ✌✌✌🙏🙏🙏❤❤❤ Hong kong stand up!!!!

  51. I like food Posted on September 5, 2019 at 6:14 am

    imagine killing your girlfriend and it starts a protest

  52. Multi-fandom Kpop Trash Posted on September 5, 2019 at 6:14 am

    Even though I don’t want China to take control, I don’t support the violent protesters or the unreasonable police that isn’t actually protecting the people of Hong Kong.

  53. 滕冲 Posted on September 5, 2019 at 6:21 am

    This vedio says is not truch!!!!

  54. ramaraju jajula Posted on September 5, 2019 at 6:46 am

    Save hongkong

  55. TOP 10 TRENDING Posted on September 5, 2019 at 6:53 am

    Free Hong-kong🙏🇮🇳

  56. K Yeung Posted on September 5, 2019 at 8:27 am

    Before the protests, less than 20 percent of the Hong Kong people acknowledged they are chinese eventhough there is 50k poor mainlanders immigrating to Hong Kong every year. 90 percent of these new comets are on welfare. After the protest started, less than 1 percent under 30 years old acknowledge as Chinese but only Hong Kongers. The people in Hong Kong now absolutely hate the mainlanders with actions and slogans. The mainlanders push and scream, squat everywhere in downtown and are constant reminders how a poor country can never develop any decency until its citizens are affluent enough to have any etiquette.

  57. Quinn Lee Posted on September 5, 2019 at 9:01 am

    What a well-put together summary of the situation and its causes! A heartfelt thanks from me for such an informative watch

  58. justine niña Posted on September 5, 2019 at 11:35 am

    If only this is how people here view potests and activism

  59. Joseph Pina Posted on September 5, 2019 at 12:39 pm

    People of hong Kong stood up for there rights 🧡💜💙🖤 God bless. China and Russia will be pushed back 😈🇺🇸🇺🇸🇺🇸🇺🇸🇺🇸🇺🇸🇺🇸🇺🇸

  60. Peter Garcia Posted on September 5, 2019 at 12:40 pm

    Does it really matter where he did it .They are both Honkanese ..isnt it just fair to trial them in Hong Kong..

  61. Wangdi Shrestha Posted on September 5, 2019 at 1:02 pm

    One day hong kong also like TIBET…be carefull

  62. Gacha_alex_wolf Posted on September 5, 2019 at 1:09 pm

    They always say 光復香港 時代革命 And it‘s really annoying I’m still young Plus I am still primary school

  63. Aaron Jensen Posted on September 5, 2019 at 1:32 pm

    Please don't call them demonstrators, they are not worthy. Terrorists at the worst, cockroaches at the best.

  64. toxic l Posted on September 5, 2019 at 3:13 pm

    how come they dont show the violent protests. and how the terrorist protesters are fire bombing police.

  65. Zʏxøʀɪᴠ Posted on September 5, 2019 at 3:19 pm

    got to watch this video in class a few months ago

  66. Windrun5 P Posted on September 5, 2019 at 4:32 pm

    I bet 1000$ theres going to be a civil war in the next 15 years

  67. Z. Rathore Posted on September 5, 2019 at 4:53 pm

    Firstday on August 6, after India broke the Contract That bonded

    Kashmir with India, there were 3 deaths in Buch Pora Area of
    Srinagar and more than 3 dozens were injured. People of Jammu and
    Kashmir are demandin Freedom from Indian Occupation. IT is a clear
    Occupation now. Why Occupation, Because India broke/terminated the
    Contract "namely Article 370" that was made by Kashmir Government.
    IT was terminated unilaterally by the Indian Government. Now we

    are Officially Free from Indian accession and are clearly under

    Forced Occupation n. Indian forces are abusing People day and

    night are Disable by pellet guns. People of Kashmir are requesting

    Chian to interfere and Protect the Borders of Jammu and KAshmir

    form India and Pakistan. We people of Kashmir will make some

    Contract with China for some decades they will take care of our

    defense and economy, China will do the development and they will

    be paid accordingly. Indian Government is a terrorist Government.

    Even Congress party is today terrorized, They even could not

    protest or challenge the Fraud in Elections. Shame on India.

    People of Jammu and Kashmir are demanding UN to interface and

    force the resolution if they capable of doing so.

  68. leonardo sangaletti Posted on September 5, 2019 at 5:05 pm

    You dont mention even once that china is socialist.

  69. Raj 16 Posted on September 5, 2019 at 5:40 pm

    Hong kong spirit destroys China's communalism

  70. 郑宇冉 Posted on September 5, 2019 at 5:54 pm

    A bunch of scraps, like what is now Syria🇸🇾 is the life you want!

  71. Andrew H Posted on September 5, 2019 at 6:44 pm

    I don't understand why they bother protesting if by the end (2047), they're gonna be part of China anyway? If they don't like how things are, they should move away. As simple as that. The inevitable is coming.

  72. Elaine Jensen Posted on September 5, 2019 at 6:44 pm

    I live in Utah, and I’m seeing a lot of parallels between our legislature and theirs; church and state aren’t separate here and the legislature’s seats belong mostly to members of the LDS church; whenever a new bill or proposition comes about, the LDS church has to have a say on every little thing. And what they say, their followers will agree and vote for. Even if it goes against the people’s vote. We voted on medical cannabis a year or so back and the legislature overrode the people’s vote to make the proposition become law, so it was law for about the days before the legislature came in and changed it.

  73. Sayan Ghosh Posted on September 5, 2019 at 7:16 pm

    China is a huge super power. No one can stop China. It will with its super might capture all possible land it can. No USA or EU will interfere as they fear China. China will follow no rule. Whatever China does that's the rule. No country has the power to stop China.

  74. Tyshid De jure MAN Bey Posted on September 5, 2019 at 11:26 pm

    A Republican form of Government, Say no to Democracy!!!

  75. YAO xiao Posted on September 5, 2019 at 11:31 pm

    hongkong is sick now,i believe the truth and the justice will come,the violence will over

  76. WHITE WOLF Posted on September 6, 2019 at 12:03 am

    That’s communism for you

  77. Dou芽 Posted on September 6, 2019 at 1:34 am

    Im chinese I want say I love hongkong i support police 🇨🇳🇨🇳🇨🇳🇨🇳🇨🇳🇨🇳🇨🇳🇨🇳

  78. Sev Sepic Posted on September 6, 2019 at 2:12 am

    Oooo man republic of China will crashed them soon

  79. Inhedonia Hrtz Posted on September 6, 2019 at 5:36 am

    And we here in america think OUR elections are rigged lol

  80. Tony .DT.Liu Posted on September 6, 2019 at 5:48 am

    讲这么多 一国两制的前提是一个中国。 如果香港要独立 收回Hongkang 就好了。

  81. Tony .DT.Liu Posted on September 6, 2019 at 5:57 am

    The examples of Hong Kong and Taiwan have allowed the mainland people to see the superiority of the existing socialist system.

  82. da dude Posted on September 6, 2019 at 7:03 am

    Like it or not China is gonna take over sooner or later.

  83. onlythewise1 Posted on September 6, 2019 at 8:30 am

    its all about money

  84. onlythewise1 Posted on September 6, 2019 at 8:31 am

    time to show china no evil will be tolerated

  85. Roxy Van Posted on September 6, 2019 at 8:53 am

    Corps taking pay offs

  86. Mitchel McGowan Posted on September 6, 2019 at 10:23 am

    Chinese government is evil. I hate it. Hate it!

  87. JVS 3 Posted on September 6, 2019 at 11:07 am

    Someone (US?) supplies these rioters with hard hats, gas masks, gloves, goggles, hardware and other riot gear.
    Someone provided supplies

  88. Mighty Boosh Posted on September 6, 2019 at 12:54 pm

    Like Vox knows what's going on

  89. Jenelle Lam Posted on September 6, 2019 at 1:10 pm


  90. Cardina Prout Posted on September 6, 2019 at 1:10 pm

    One country two systems, everything is a lie,that is why hong kongers have so much fear about China. They say one thing, and does another, is all about dictatorship, is sickening.

  91. Li Alan Posted on September 6, 2019 at 4:03 pm

    Did Britain government ever give you the right to vote ? You just want to be other people’s dogs instead of human beings. Loser is loser , no matter where you are

  92. mounika kulkarni Posted on September 6, 2019 at 4:40 pm

    I'm not surprised Britain has a part in all of this, if you look little south, you'll find India and Pakistan. English men left only after setting up a forever conflict equation!

  93. 陈叶雨 Posted on September 6, 2019 at 5:08 pm

    Protesters who did this before,they were in Syria

  94. Brandon Grady Posted on September 6, 2019 at 6:00 pm

    Hong Kong I fight for you 🇺🇸❤️🇭🇰

  95. Kenguruh Posted on September 6, 2019 at 6:21 pm

    Hong Kong has been influenced so much by western ideology and culture under British rule and after that CCP will likely never be able to integrate HK to mainland China's political and social system anymore, despite the expiration of the treaty. Not without serious bloodshed at least, which would definetly provoke serious countermeasures from pretty much all the western nations.

    The smartest thing CCP can do if HK'ers persist is to give them pretty much full autonomy.

  96. VAN月 Posted on September 6, 2019 at 6:23 pm

    I don't like CCP, but I think Great Britain is the real villain.

  97. jeffc168jb Posted on September 6, 2019 at 7:01 pm

    If you are going to report something, do it accurately. Say Opium War!!!