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Organization of the WWII U.S. Army Infantry Rifle Squad


This video will cover the composition of the U.S. Army infantry rifle squad in World War II. It will specifically focus on the squad circa 1944 through 1945. The U.S. rifle squad actually changed very little throughout its involvement in World War II; always consisting of a dozen men, numbered 1 through 12. Number 1 was the squad leader. Numbers 2 and 3 were riflemen who functioned as scouts. Numbers 4 through 6 formed the automatic rifle team. Numbers 7 through 11 were riflemen, and number 12 was the assistant squad leader. The squad leader position at the beginning of the war had the rank of sergeant, but by 1944 that had been bumped up to a staff sergean This continued a trend of recognizing the increasing importance of small unit leadership. Squad leaders in World War I had held the rank of corporal. Similarly, the assistant squad leader began World War II as a corporal, but was upgraded to a buck sergeant. When this happened the rank of corporal all but disappeared in the rifle platoons. The rest of the squad held the rank of private or private first class. The shoulder sleeve insignia for a PFC back then was a single chevron. The squad leader’s job was to lead the squad, naturally. According to the manual: The assistant squad leaders job was, unsurprisingly, to assist the squad leader. So the squad had two NCOs, who led by example, and when the squad split up they each took a team. The automatic rifleman was supported by two soldiers: the assistant automatic rifleman and an ammunition bearer. While the BAR was operated in combat by a single soldier, the other two were basically riflemen who kept him supplied with ammo, and we’re ready to take over as automatic riflemen if necessary. While all members of the squad were familiarized with the BAR, the automatic rifle team had special training in its employment. They even had a different MOS; SSN 746 whereas the rest of the squad was a 745. The automatic rifleman was armed with an M1918A2 Browning Automatic Rifle, commonly called the BAR. Always pronounced “B.A.R.,” never “bar.” G.I.s were issued bars, but they were Hershey, Nestle, Milky Way… Everyone else in the squad was armed with a U.S. Rifle, Caliber .30, Semi-automatic, M1, nicknamed the Garand. I know there’s been a push in recent years to pronounce it “Gehr-und” or however the inventor’s name was pronounced. The man may have been “Gehr-und,” but the weapon was a “guh-Rand.” I have never heard a veteran from World War II or Korea pronounce it any differently. Now, you can call it what you want, but I’m sticking with “guh-Rand” because that’s what G.I.s said when they weren’t just calling it an “M1.” Semi-automatic, of course, means rounds can be fired as fast as the trigger can be squeezed. This made the basic U.S. rifleman unique, as every other combatant armed its riflemen with a bolt-action weapon as standard. Some other nations did develop semi-automatic rifles, but their rates of adoption were marginal compared to universal. Training film audio: “One man firing a Garand can do nearly as much damage as three men using the old type Springfield rifle with its hand-operated bolt. Bolt action rifles weren’t completely phased out of the U.S. Army. For example, earlier in the war, rifle squads had a single grenadier armed with a bolt-action M1903 Springfield rifle with an M1 grenade launcher. This was issued to the assistant squad leader, though the role could of course be delegated to another, and there was a position in those squads for an alternate grenadier. But this ’03 rifle has led to much confusion with some authors, even authors within the army itself who make the assertion that there was a sniper rifle in EVERY squad. This was never the case. The M1903A4 sniper rifle was a different weapon, that couldn’t even accept a grenade launcher, which needed a front sight on the barrel which the ’03A4 did not have. These scoped rifles were platoon-level assets and there were only three in the entire company. So, no sniper rifle in every squad; only one-third of your squads at best. While there were still some non-scoped ’03s soldiering-on in Normandy, the vast majority had been replaced with the adoption of the M7 grenade launcher for the M1 rifle. These launchers were shipped to the U.K. in huge numbers before the invasion, more than enough to supply every rifle company causing channel. The reason grenadiers with ’03s can be spotted in photographs taken in Normandy may be down to local failure to acquire the new launchers in time, or maybe just individual comfort with the old weapon system that caused some to be retained. But most Springfields seen at this time are in possession of support troops. Any soldier that needed an M1 had an M1. At any rate, M7 grenade launchers were allotted three per squad, intended for the assistant squad leader and two additional riflemen. It doesn’t mean all three were in operation at the same time but anyone with an M1 could now be a grenadier when needed and the extra launchers meant a squad could really make it rain grenades in a pinch. There were several types of rifle grenades available like purpose-built fragmentation, HEAT (as in H.E.A.T., High Explosive Anti-Tank) and white phosphorus rifle grenades. Then there were adapters to launch hand grenades like the common frag or chemical grenades like smoke. Some enterprising G.I.s even used them to heave 60 mm mortar rounds. There was also a rainbow of pyrotechnic signal grenades; red parachute flare, green star cluster, that sort of thing. Despite what you may have heard, rifle grenades were absolutely designed to be fired from the shoulder for direct fire. Just watch old film. However, angles needed for indirect fire required the rifle butt be placed on the ground for anything but emergencies. This method was fine for lobbying fragmentation grenades into fixed enemy positions, but hitting a moving vehicle with an anti-tank grenade required fairly flat trajectory and you’re only going to get that firing from the shoulder, or supported under the arm. You can’t use it like a mortar and then hit that halftrack that’s coming at you unless Lady Luck is really on your side. Let’s take another look at that photograph from the beginning of this video, the one with the squad from the 90th ID loading up on June 2nd before D-Day. I’m sure now you can pick out the BAR team. There’s the automatic rifleman himself, followed by two G.I.s armed with M1s but carrying ammo for the BAR. They probably have ammo for their M1s in their ammunition carrying bags. Right behind the BAR team are grenadiers, complete with M7 grenade launchers attached to their rifles. Things can naturally change in the field, but this is the allotment according to the T/O&E. 11 M1s and BAR is how a squad of leg infantry would arrive overseas. Once in a combat zone, G.I.s were famously resourceful. BARs seemingly had the ability to multiply.
Submachine guns could materialize out of thin air. A popular story illustrating this phenomenon involves the 1st battalion, 23rd infantry regiment, 2nd infantry division, who by 17 June 1944, after having found themselves in some lopsided surprise encounters and hedgerows of Normandy, had acquired 87 submachine guns from anti-aircraft units defending Omaha Beach. Vehicles had submachine guns for the drivers, but the dogfaces convinced them that those weapons were needed elsewhere. By the end of June 1944, to partially acknowledge what was happening on the ground, the T/O&E (that’s the Table of Organization and Equipment) had been amended to include more automatic firepower. Six BARs and six submachine guns were added to the company weapons pool. (At this time, six additional Browning light machine guns were added to the battalion weapons pool, but that’s beyond the scope of this video.) Keep in mind that these new weapons were distributed as the company commander saw fit. Maybe they were all needed for a particularly aggressive combat patrol. Maybe they were all given to an assaulting platoon in a company attack. But the changes meant that two platoons per company could double their BARs and still be right with the tables. Submachine guns were of special importance for patrolling and scouting, and especially during house-to-house fighting. Assuming an even distribution, a company commander in the summer of 1944 could officially arm most of his squads with two BARs and a submachine gun, but still not officially all of them. Though several units did that. Tables be damned. A history of the 164th infantry regiment notes that by the Bougainville campaign: Word from Okinawa echoed that: The same was true in Europe. This is from an infantryman’s journal entry during the Battle of the Bulge: And a soldier in the 84th division describing a February 1945 attack in Germany recalled: Now that may not be with your old uncle Frank’s outfit did, but keep in mind there were 243 rifle squads in a regular U.S. infantry division. That’s well over 17,000 standard rifle squads in combat around the globe facing a variety of threats. So, they weren’t all going to be mirror images of each other Alright, squad teams. While the U.S. army defined the squad as “the smallest tactical unit,” the rifle squad was subdivided into two, or was it three, teams. (Depending on who you ask and when you ask them.) These were not modern symmetrical fire teams. They were specialized to perform different roles. I mentioned the automatic rifle team earlier. This team is named as such in FM 7-10, the field manual for the infantry company. There were also scouts and riflemen. But the 12-man squad could also be thought of as two halves. One veteran recalled: Now it makes a lot of sense to lump the scouts in with the BAR team so that the squad can be split evenly, one half for each leader. Not just in a firefight but for things like security and reconnaissance missions. FM 7-10 uses the term “half-squads.” For example: or Anyone who’s read enough first-hand accounts knows that some veterans will refer to their half-squads, for example: There’s the scoped Springfield for everybody. Other period sources refer to the two primary halves of the rifle squad as the “BAR team” and the “rifle team.” You’ll hear this terminology used in training films, like this one about working with tank support: “A tank always draws fire. To avoid casualties though ricochets, the infantry is well dispersed; BAR team on one side of the tank, rifle team on the other.” Even that film mentions the scouts, earlier, being in front of the tanks. So, were the scouts part of the BAR team or the rifle team? Are the scouts their own team? The answer is, “yes…it depends…” A 1944 article about the Infantry School at Fort Benning, in an issue of Army Life, the U.S. Army’s official recruiting magazine, states: So a squad is two teams, plus two scouts… but the scouts can be part of a team. There were some who pushed for the automatic rifleman to be made a corporal, as he could often be left in charge of the BAR team. In the absence of a squad leader or assistance squad leader there may have been some reluctance on the part of the assistant automatic rifleman and ammo bearer to take orders from someone they felt didn’t have the appropriate authority and it was felt an extra stripe could formally recognize that authority: Now, an article published four months later in Military Review indicates the squad is subdivided evenly, firmly placing the scouts in the BAR team: I can hear some of you saying, “wait, I thought the U.S. Army infantry rifle squad was divided into three teams called Able, Baker and Charlie?” You are also right, if you’re talking about troops training at the very end of the war. While these terms are used online, in popular history books, and even some of the Army’s own historical monographs, as far as I can tell (and granted, I’m just some guy on the internet) this was a very late war change. The Able, Baker, Charley teams (and that’s Charley with an L-E-Y) don’t actually find their way into field manuals until shortly after the war, in FM 22-5 published at the beginning of 1946. But field manuals accumulate changes, so this is not the first mention of Able, Baker, Charley nomenclature in training material. I’m sure everyone’s seen this image floating around from a February 1945 basic training workbook. There it is, clear as day, Able, Baker, Charley. These same teams are mentioned a month later in an Infantry Journal article titled, “Battle Drill for Squads and Platoon.” The content of that article is very similar to the material later printed in FM 22-5 and it’s presented here as a preview of a new training circular. Over all, the changes in squad operation are minute, but it does feature the new team designations. Here’s exactly what it says: Yet it goes on to say Able usually joins Baker, and that it may also join Charley. So it’s the three teams until, it’s two, maybe not the same two… It should all sound very familiar. Given the late publication date, I strongly doubt any G.I.s trained in the Able, Baker, Charley system made it into combat, certainly not in Europe. Even the abbreviated 15 week training schedule put in place during the post-Bulge replacement crisis, when you add transatlantic travel and processing it’s certainly not probable. There’s plenty of veterans that will mention the BAR team, for example, but I’ve never heard one of them say, “…and then Baker laid down a base of fire,” unless the automatic rifleman’s name was Baker. I have this scenario in my mind, where a new replacement at the tail end of the war is assigned to a BAR team and says, “So, I’m joining Baker?” And the squad leader says, “Baker? No. This is Fox company.” And then they both look at each other and think, “this poor guy doesn’t have a clue and he’s going to get us all killed.” Now, having said all that, there may be an earlier example out there of these team names in print. And if anyone knows of one let us know in the comments. But for now, all evidence points to these specific team designations appearing too late to be any factor in the fighting. Even after the war, during the conference on the infantry division, which admittedly may not reflect the latest training circulars, when discussing present and future organization they described the squad as having two rather than three parts: Finally, I’d like to cover something which curiously garners few mentions in the field manuals of the day, the buddy system. According to the February 1986 Veterans of the Battle of the Bulge Newsletter: A May 1944 article in Infantry Journal, about controlling fear, advises G.I.s to: An article from Fort Benning’s Infantry School Mailing List published in july of 1944 notes that: The buddy system was apparently something that was first adopted in the U.S. by the Rangers, but eventually went army-wide. A January 1945 article from the newspaper at Camp Walters Infantry Replacement Training Center states: I’m not exactly sure when it caught on with non-elite units but a June 1943 newspaper article informs its readers that local boy: In a letter to his parents, Morris B. Redmann, Jr. wrote from Fort Benning on January 9th, 1944: George W. Neill, a rifleman in the 99th division, wrote: Another veteran wrote of his training at Fort Bragg: Now, not everyone was thrilled with their buddy. A G.I. who trained at Fort Hood in 1945 recalled: So, while it’s nearly absent from field manuals, the “buddy system” does show up in supplementary training material and contemporary writing, and was clearly something that U.S. infantry had embraced by the latter years of the war. I wanted to bring it up because there will be further references to it, and examples of it, in future videos. But this video is long enough already In future videos I’ll cover exactly how the squad and its constituent elements was trained to, in the words of FM 100-5, “Close with the enemy and destroy or capture him.” This video was about normal squad organization and weapons, but I’ll leave you with one last example of how the realities of combat often invited some improvisation. Well, there you have it. The organization of the U.S. Army infantry rifle squad during the second of two world wars. You have made it to the end.

Tony wyaad

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100 COMMENTS

  1. Randall Cook Posted on November 10, 2017 at 1:54 am

    You say that the rifle grenade was to be fired from the shoulder…have you ever fired one?  I have and will never do that again.  Try it some time.

    Reply
  2. Duke of Norfolk Posted on November 10, 2017 at 6:07 am

    Very well presented sir! I’ve learned a lot. Thank you!

    Reply
  3. rapsnik Posted on November 10, 2017 at 6:17 am

    This is very educational, interesting and handy to know. Thank you for sharing

    Reply
  4. Randy Cheow Posted on November 10, 2017 at 1:54 pm

    What about sub machine gunners

    Reply
  5. Big Meanie Posted on November 10, 2017 at 8:52 pm

    Wait so not even the squad leader had a sumbmachine gun? Who did have them then (aside from vehicle crew) were there "submachine squads"? who actually used the thompson and grease gun?!

    Reply
  6. STFU768 Posted on November 11, 2017 at 12:45 am

    You Should do another one of these but for the US infantry in ww1

    Reply
  7. Kratluskeren Posted on November 11, 2017 at 9:43 pm

    This low quality sound is pissing me off..

    Reply
  8. Neurofied Yamato Posted on November 11, 2017 at 10:56 pm

    great video. Now I know both German and US squad composition of the day 😀

    Reply
  9. Jonny B Posted on November 11, 2017 at 11:49 pm

    The buddy system reminds me of the technically smallest element of Roman Republic legions. They would make sure, if their buddy was killed, to bury them appropriately, send message and belongings "home."

    Reply
  10. Samuel Davey Posted on November 12, 2017 at 2:29 pm

    A thoroughly interesting video, keep it up! I do have one question, how does the organisation and equipment of airborne squads differ from this, and will you ever touch upon this in a future video? Cheers.

    Reply
  11. THEKINGOFMETROPOLIS Posted on November 13, 2017 at 1:34 am

    This video is informative with no bullshit. Just what I like, you've earned a sub.

    Reply
  12. richard kluesek Posted on November 13, 2017 at 3:09 am

    Buddy System = Willie & Joe from the cartoons ?

    Reply
  13. Ramon Ruijgt Posted on November 13, 2017 at 6:28 pm

    was a womans squad the same setup. i can imagen its be rare.
    also for mixed man and woman squads.

    Reply
  14. Panzer Lehr Posted on November 15, 2017 at 10:33 am

    This really cool! Thanks

    Reply
  15. RoutineTree3 Posted on November 17, 2017 at 6:44 am

    what would the role of Private/specialist play.

    Reply
  16. Serious Soldier Posted on November 18, 2017 at 9:42 pm

    Outstanding job, this is top notch content! Would you consider covering German unit structure and strategy? You've got yourself a new subscriber.

    Reply
  17. Shellshock1918 Posted on November 20, 2017 at 4:03 am

    Superbly done. Good point about the pronunciation of "Garland."

    Reply
  18. Cosmoline And grits for breakfast Posted on November 21, 2017 at 6:53 am

    My grandfather fought with the 34th infantry in North Africa and Italy and I was told that every nco was issued a m1 carbine. I guess every unit is different

    Reply
  19. Thomas Kirkness-Little Posted on November 21, 2017 at 2:07 pm

    Very interesting and informative. Incidentally, Americans may be interested to learn that '…and bar' (…*) or 'and 2 bars' (…*) etc in British Army, Royal Navy etc parlance means the soldier has more than one of the medal stated. Eg Lieutenant John Smith DSO or Lieutenant John Smith DSO and bar has been awarded the Distinguished Service Order in 2 different campaigns.

    Reply
  20. Soldier eyes Posted on November 21, 2017 at 7:00 pm

    can u make this for airbornes?? )btw nice video )

    Reply
  21. Thorin Harig Posted on November 21, 2017 at 9:48 pm

    This is some really good shit. Please make more videos like this. I just came across your channel today and am very, very happy.

    Reply
  22. Chase Hartman Posted on November 22, 2017 at 5:26 am

    The B.A.R. was an older weapon. First B.A.R. used at the very end of ww1.

    Reply
  23. Prarp Vadanathorn Posted on November 22, 2017 at 9:26 am

    I come from the Civil War tradition and the changes in army organizations fascinate me.

    Reply
  24. redrust3 Posted on November 26, 2017 at 6:55 am

    Excellent, well-presented research. During WWII, 12 million of 60 million men served in the military, with the majority in the Army. So they would have a grasp of squad tactics. Today, out of a population of 300 million, only a million or so serve in active-duty or reserve capacity. In the modern, tech-heavy military, fewer are involved in infantry tactics, and would understand squad tactics and organization.

    Reply
  25. Dan R Posted on November 28, 2017 at 12:05 pm

    Why no one equipped with a Thompson to get those snipers hiding in the palm trees? When will the men get a light air cooled 30 cal machine gun? Perhaps when the squad turns into a platoon.

    Reply
  26. Mark Merin Posted on November 28, 2017 at 4:03 pm

    This video is absolutely amazing, extremely detailed and informative, thank you for spending the time man. I learned a lot here and I appreciate you sharing the knowledge.

    Reply
  27. Pete Sheppard Posted on December 2, 2017 at 1:03 am

    VERY informative! I tended to think of the WWII Army squad as a group of men, roles assigned on an as-needed basis. Being USMC-oriented, I'm really looking forward to your video on the Marine Corps WWII rifle squad!

    Reply
  28. Gafford Posted on December 4, 2017 at 3:25 am

    Thank you for making and posting these informative videos. This information will be put to good use playing Combat Mission games. Please keep up the excellent work and thanks again. Subscribed and look forward to more.

    Reply
  29. Uzi Patrol Posted on December 5, 2017 at 3:58 am

    The Close Combat series of PC games has both rifle and BAR squads. They really did their homework.

    Reply
  30. George A. Posted on January 2, 2018 at 1:49 am

    You say there were no Corporals in a rifle squad, so how did promotion work? Were PFCs Promoted directly to Sargeant? I also have a completely unrelated question, were Marine rifle squads organized in the same ways as Army rifle squads? Anyway great videos I can't wait for more.

    Reply
  31. J. D. Cochran Posted on January 14, 2018 at 12:29 am

    On point!!!

    Reply
  32. Juan Ramirez Gonzalez Posted on February 9, 2018 at 10:50 am

    The buddy system works, two brains means half the pilot training split

    Reply
  33. Michael Milburn Posted on March 4, 2018 at 12:35 pm

    Really good, you've earned a subscribe. Where did you get the pictures from? Did you do them yourself?

    Reply
  34. sick boy Posted on March 12, 2018 at 4:31 am

    my grandfather was a tank commander during ww2. fought everywhere. they started with Thompson's and then were issued the grease guns. he said he no one wanted them and you couldn't hit anything with them.he got his hands on a carbine and that's what he kept with him as a back-up. They never had to use it. He was in the bulge as well. wounded twice during the war. sure do miss him

    Reply
  35. Adam Posted on March 30, 2018 at 12:24 am

    My great grandpa was with the 82nd airborne in WWII as an automatic rifleman in his squad… he used the BAR and said that it was heavy as shit😂 and wished it had 30 round magazines instead of 20 bc the ammo would run out so fast, and the assistant ARmen would be pissed bc they would have to keep running ammo to him😂

    He also showed me his jump wings

    Reply
  36. Doc Opoßum Posted on April 20, 2018 at 8:53 pm

    A Ranger assault section was a bit different.
    Assault Squad:
    Sergeant, M1 Rifle, Squad Leader.
    Private First Class, M1 Rifle, Rifleman.(X4)
    Light Machine Gun Squad:

    Staff Sergeant, M1 Rifle, Squad Leader.
    Private first class, M1 Rifle, Ammunition Carrier.(X2)
    Private First Class, M1911, MG Gunner. (I assume the "Gun, machine, cal. .30, light, flexible" allocated to this squad belonged to this guy)
    Private First Class, M1911, MG Gunner Assistant.

    There was also a dude with a M1 Rifle that commanded the the section, he was a Staff Sergeant.

    Reply
  37. Reenactor Talk Posted on April 30, 2018 at 5:54 pm

    Not sure if it's been suggested but a video on employment of company/battalion weapons (60 and 81mm mortars, bazookas, 1919s, and etc) would be cool.

    Reply
  38. Zebra Dun Posted on June 8, 2018 at 8:48 pm

    TOE on paper rarely matched cold reality on the ground. Example, Circa 1970 Marine Squads were 13 men on paper, yet in actual fact the squad was lucky to be 6 Marines, Squads were run with Sgt but it was not unusual to have one run by a Cpl. I imagine WW2 was much the same with higher loss ratios.
    Able and Baker are a section, two sections per Squad. Marines call them Port and Starboard sections.

    Reply
  39. jdg Posted on June 11, 2018 at 5:32 am

    Very good I learned a couple of new things. Looking forward to learning more. Just one thing, around the D-Day the assistant BAR position was officially eliminated and the BAR belt no longer issued.

    Reply
  40. Doc Opoßum Posted on June 15, 2018 at 4:34 pm

    Does anybody know what the 17 basic privates in the Company HQ were for?

    Reply
  41. Apoleon Schneider Posted on June 21, 2018 at 6:32 am

    Fantastic job putting all this information together. I know I'm a bit late but i wondering how the american squad fare in 1 x 1 situations against german squads that had the more powerful mg42 as their automatic weapon, although don't had the garands for semi auto firepower?

    Reply
  42. Ayrton Smith Posted on July 12, 2018 at 4:30 am

    So, maybe I just missed it, but where did the Thompsons come into play? Were they generally issued as needed for more urban operations, or was it something more related to rank and leadership roles?

    Thanks in advance!

    Reply
  43. Billionaire Ballers Club Posted on July 15, 2018 at 5:55 am

    Should do the same thing for the Marine corps

    Reply
  44. briantoler Posted on July 18, 2018 at 5:29 pm

    Just discovered your vids, love them! Keep up the good work.

    Reply
  45. Joe Blow Posted on August 5, 2018 at 9:11 pm

    Great video. I'm a serious WWII historian and specialize in 101st operations. I can not find a thing to criticize in this video. Very good documentation and presentation.

    Reply
  46. JonMacFhearghuis Posted on August 12, 2018 at 10:58 am

    I wish I had the knowledge & skills to do these videos for British & Commonwealth forces. Fantastic work.

    Reply
  47. JonMacFhearghuis Posted on August 12, 2018 at 10:59 am

    Oh look: "BAR clips". Funny how bent out of shape we get today when the actual vets called them clips.

    Reply
  48. A. Soldier Posted on September 1, 2018 at 5:32 pm

    So wait, Thompsons, M1919A6s LMGs, M2 60mm Mortars and Springfield Snipers were all Platoon level weapons? I at least thought SLs and assistant SLs had Thompsons originally, but yeah each squad not having Medics and Marksmen sounds logical, not everybody can shoot straight or knows how to save a life.

    Reply
  49. E Fig Posted on September 3, 2018 at 5:26 pm

    So does is this the same for airborne units?
    Also, is the platoon NCO still a staff sergeant or is it a sergeant first class

    Reply
  50. MakeMeThinkAgain Posted on September 21, 2018 at 5:23 am

    I'm late to this party. Do you ever cover the weapons platoon? My dad was a weapons platoon Sargent in the Pacific. And he carried an M-1 Carbine.

    I would love to see the breakdown of a "normal" US Army infantry company in WW2 vs an airborne company.

    Reply
  51. Ryan Borganson Posted on October 29, 2018 at 3:57 pm

    That point you make about the sort of change in structure I imagine for consistency and ease of command… things like that amaze me, how the chaos of war can, in a well disciplined mind and body, can bring forth entirely new and practical order. The best order is forged in chaos. My expirience is purely virtual, but it seems like it would serve well, having that subdivision between the teams.

    Reply
  52. Francis Hartstok Posted on November 10, 2018 at 11:17 pm

    Question for you: about the m1 carbines what can you say? and in this scheme you talk about where we put, for example, a radio operator?

    Reply
  53. TylerTheTectonic Posted on November 25, 2018 at 7:13 am

    Would a parachute infantry squad of an airborne division be structured the same way and would they be issued the same weapons? If they were different I would love to hear some info and be directed to where I could find some more info. Thanks!

    Reply
  54. dj sourcream Posted on November 30, 2018 at 5:53 pm

    8:05 " aww… puppy! "

    Reply
  55. Roci Stone Posted on December 12, 2018 at 3:12 pm

    Rule 1.1 The Gods of War never read the manual. Rule 1.2 No TO&E survives contact with 90-day wonders or the enemy (same difference.)

    Reply
  56. timothy7538 Posted on December 20, 2018 at 6:03 am

    Who uses SMG in a squad

    Reply
  57. Ernie Lara Posted on January 14, 2019 at 8:08 pm

    Narrator talked so fast..u in a hurry.?

    Reply
  58. Dr. Fresh_2k Posted on January 18, 2019 at 11:16 pm

    What about a Thompson, or a M1 carbine? Who carried those?

    Reply
  59. lisssner Posted on March 19, 2019 at 8:00 am

    great video, just what i needed. Well done

    Reply
  60. Brian Wisher Posted on March 23, 2019 at 4:21 pm

    Excellent video – Well Done! (and I was an infantryman myself about 40 years ago).

    Reply
  61. Tucoxx Posted on March 27, 2019 at 11:10 pm

    Do you have info at hand about Engineer squads? Do they function the same as riflemen?

    Reply
  62. John Doe Posted on May 6, 2019 at 4:20 pm

    17,000 squads seems very low

    Reply
  63. Jack Lawton Posted on May 18, 2019 at 7:59 pm

    Excellent video man. Very descriptive and accurate and I admired how you found pictures for each point you made. I'm currently an active duty 0311 in the Marine Corps and I was just curious to see how our boys in the great war had compositioned their rifle squads. I learned a lot from this. Thank you

    Reply
  64. thestuGmaster Posted on May 27, 2019 at 8:44 pm

    Great information and well done with your research. What will your newest video be about? I would love to see videos about the airborne divisions during the second world war in your depth. Thanks

    Reply
  65. immikeurnot Posted on June 11, 2019 at 12:19 am

    I've heard stories (not from WWII, but directly from a participant) of how front-line troops could "convince" POGs to give up the good gear… by holding said POG down and standing on his chest until he agrees that whatever choice piece of gear (carbine, SMG, body armor, LBE, etc.) should go where it's most needed.

    Reply
  66. Tabgach Giyamhu Posted on June 17, 2019 at 6:31 am

    BAR VS MG42 ?americans were bullied and thus on the disadvantage in firepower.

    Reply
  67. Craig Jovanovich Posted on July 12, 2019 at 2:19 pm

    John Shanto's obituary… https://www.legacy.com/obituaries/name/john-shanto-obituary?pid=757149

    Reply
  68. Eric Cook Posted on July 18, 2019 at 2:20 pm

    If the rank of corporal "all but disappeared" in the rifle squad, then could you tell me where in the infantry would corporals typically be placed?

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  69. David Allen Farrell Posted on July 20, 2019 at 10:43 am

    You have a real knack for video development. I sincerely hope you keep it up. Great work!

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  70. Douglas Lewis Posted on August 4, 2019 at 5:56 pm

    Good work.
    Very accurate.

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  71. Lewstein Posted on August 5, 2019 at 9:25 pm

    speak 18% slower.

    Reply
  72. Alan Twigg Posted on August 5, 2019 at 11:14 pm

    Wow. This is a really good guide. Thank you for making and sharing it. Really helping me make sense of the books I've started reading.

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  73. Ashley Palmer Posted on August 6, 2019 at 5:08 pm

    +1 like ☺👍

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  74. wavygr Posted on August 6, 2019 at 10:13 pm

    As I stated before my dad was a squad leader in US army in WW2. He said one day he would be a squad leader then a first lt. right out of OTS would order him to do something stupid that would get his men killed so he would refuse the order and get busted to private. He then out survived everyone and they would make him a squad leader again. he seldom would talk about the war but told me this when I asked his rank.

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  75. Hangfried Posted on August 6, 2019 at 11:12 pm

    There is some bonehead that makes great videos about military weapons, but he sure lost a lot of my respect by referring to the B A R as the bar. Ew, it made my skin crawl.

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  76. Greg Hawkins Posted on August 6, 2019 at 11:37 pm

    Have you ever noticed while looking back through your old 1960s vintage army comic books that they printed the sounds of Japanese, German, & American machine guns as "Takka- Takka" for Japanese, "Rat – A- Tat- Tat" for German, & "Budda-Burst" for American ones? Isn't that amazing. I'm afraid to die. I heard a rumor that if I die down dead, I'll never be able to live again, forever & ever. I wanna live throughout all eternity until 4 hours & 6 minutes after the end of time. I don't want any little, metal rods called bullets to be pushed out through metal tubes called gun barrels to fly through the air & bump into my soft, warm, tender, skinny skin. They would bruise my skin & punch holes in it, causing my fire engine red hydraulic fluid called blood to leak out & make a mess everywhere. I would then shout "OUCH" in a loud voice.

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  77. rebelwalzt Posted on August 6, 2019 at 11:42 pm

    I wished Dad was still with us, so I could ask him about his infantry squad on the Return to the Philippians

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  78. Jadon Berg Posted on August 7, 2019 at 4:03 am

    Then where would you find a Thompson SMG?

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  79. Karl Gustafsson Posted on August 7, 2019 at 6:15 am

    Some people I talk with make a clear distinction between a sniper and a marksman. A sniper does all the things we think a sniper does, acts as a separate element in their own little two- or three-man teams, infiltrates areas, scouts etc. A marksman is an infantryman that has some training with and carries a marksman rifle but otherwise doesn't do the fancy stuff.

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  80. Caldwell Kelley Posted on August 7, 2019 at 10:59 pm

    Thanks Chief! New older soldier and they still stress the buddy system these days they are called battle buddies. Be well Sir!

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  81. USAUSA Posted on August 8, 2019 at 6:42 am

    if the BAR was spoken as each letter individually; shouldnt it be printed as B.A.R.?

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  82. Kevlar Burrito Posted on August 8, 2019 at 6:59 am

    10:00 even modern teams aren't always symmetrical, it's highly dependent upon the mission at the time. Source: 8 years in the US Army

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  83. Kevlar Burrito Posted on August 8, 2019 at 7:07 am

    The reference to FM-25, regarding the 3 team squads vs 2 team; Army regulations allow for unit commanders to ADD TO but never take away from regulations and units are encouraged to develop SOP's as their mission dictates. To my knowledge this goes back to the end of World War One, possibly even further depending on the regulation(s) in question. More often than not you see accounts of "OP's being pushed out" or "Scout teams being deployed forward" instead of "Charley team was pushed ahead" until, as you said, it became standard later in the war.

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  84. Bad Monkey Posted on August 8, 2019 at 1:19 pm

    But was the M1 "A Military Style Fully Semiautomatic Weapon"?

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  85. spike001ton Posted on August 9, 2019 at 3:05 pm

    The only gis I heard call it like the name were ones who spoke French or French Canadian types

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  86. Dav Posted on August 9, 2019 at 6:33 pm

    I absolutely love these, would you ever consider going further into the future? such as Korea, Vietnam, and even the modern eras? I as an infantryman, from the modern i.e. O.I.F 1 era love these. I would love to see an expansion into the old training videos this is my favorite https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SyYSBBE1DFw but I love the old "dry" ones as well. And I have to say that one that that I learned here is we should really bring the platoon guide back.

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  87. Maxim Kozin Posted on August 10, 2019 at 6:47 pm

    where did all the corporals go?

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  88. lexington476 Posted on August 10, 2019 at 9:52 pm

    What was the wwii age limit for someone to be an infantryman in the us?

    Reply
  89. Colonel K Posted on August 11, 2019 at 3:28 pm

    The first rifle I was trained on in high school ROTC was the M1. Although Garand is not part of the official nomenclature, everyone called it by the inventor's name, and we pronounced his name the same way you did, as did our instructors, who were all WWII and Korean war vets. The same pronunciation applied to every other WWII and Korean War vet I ever knew. I never heard it pronounced the "correct" way until a couple of years ago when a popular YouTuber noted how the inventor pronounced his own name. The M1 carbine is another firearm with two pronunciations. WWII training film narrators may have said "car-buyn", but they also said "Los Angle–es" instead of "Los An-gel-eez". I've heard a few noncombat veterans say "car-byn", but every every combat vet I ever knew said "car-bean". So stick to your guns (pun intended).

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  90. Colonel K Posted on August 11, 2019 at 4:03 pm

    The last example from the Infantry Journal (1947) foreshadowed the future squad/fire team concept, and had been used to some degree early in the war by Marine Raiders.

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  91. polkbritton Posted on August 12, 2019 at 4:56 pm

    My grandpa was a replacement squad leader in the 475th Infantry Regiment, Mars Task Force (formerly Merrill's Marauders). Funny thing is, he started off as a Pvt., was promoted to Cpl., and by the end of the campaign was a T/3 squad leader. I've heard that in a pinch, T/3 would be the fill-in rank for "battlefield-promoted" squad leaders. I don't know how true that is though.

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  92. Leon Zimlich Posted on August 14, 2019 at 7:57 pm

    I am learning lots from your videos. Please keep making them. I especially appreciate your frequent references to US Army publications, memoirs and histories. A bibliography of those sources added to your brief description of each video would be welcome.

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  93. 13thBear Posted on August 14, 2019 at 8:32 pm

    I like you video, but hate that "tinny" sounding music at the beginning and end. Good information and as a fellow researcher in WW2 army life and history I fully concur with your information. Well done.

    Reply
  94. HJH413 Posted on August 16, 2019 at 8:12 am

    You're a douche, sir.

    Reply
  95. Erika Whelan Posted on August 16, 2019 at 6:18 pm

    A bit of a nitpick: "Infantry Rifle" is redundant. A rifle squad is an infantry squad, and vice versa. "Rifle," in this case, is a metonym for the infantry, as the primary weapon of the infantry was the rifle (as indicated by the branch insignia, a pair of crossed muskets).

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  96. SorryBones Posted on August 16, 2019 at 9:58 pm

    Fuck you, I’m going to call it the BAR until the day you shoot me with it

    Reply
  97. Doug3575 Posted on August 17, 2019 at 3:38 pm

    Keep up the good work!

    Reply
  98. Ian Lemieux Posted on September 10, 2019 at 6:38 am

    Great channel!
    No fluff just excellent information!

    Reply
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