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Turkey is in the process of testing the newly
acquired S 400 air defense system which it received from Russia. A Turkish defense official had said earlier
that military aircraft will be used in the capital Ankara on Nov 25 & 26 during the testing
of the S-400 system’s radar-detection equipment. The Turkish official who talked about the
radar tests was elaborating on the Ankara governor’s statement on Sunday that said
low- and high-altitude flights by Turkish F-16 warplanes around the capital should be
expected on those dates. As of now, it is apparent that the tests have
taken place. Turkish media broadcasts showed US-made F-16
fighter jets flying over Ankara on Monday to test what appeared to be functioning Russian-made
radars that are part of S-400. So, technically F 16s have been used as dummy
targets. This move will certainly irk Washington which
has already stopped delivers of F 35 to the country. Another report indicates that Turkey may buy
more S 400 batteries going forward. Producer of S 400 Rosoboronexport’s Alexander
Mikheev told RIA news agency Moscow and Ankara were actively discussing Ankara taking up
an option in the original contract for it to receive more S-400 systems, with talks
focused on financial questions. RIA cited Mikheev as saying. “We hope that in the first half of 2020 we
will sign the contract documents,” In this video Defense Updates reports on Turkey
using American made F 16s to test S 400 and its plan to acquire more of them. Let’s get started. This video is sponsored by War Thunder. If you are, like us, fascinated by military
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20 million players from all over the world! S 400 Triumph is an air defense weapon system
developed by Russia’s Almaz Central Design Bureau in the 1990s as an upgrade of the S
300 family. it has been in service with the Russian armed
forces since 2007. It is designed to defend against aircraft
including 5th generation stealth fighters, bombers, AWACS, cruise missiles, and ballistic
missiles. In July 2017, Turkey reportedly signed the
deal to acquire the S-400 air defense system from Russia. It took delivery of the S-400s in July this
year. Turkey has insisted that since it currently
has Cold War-era surface to air missile system, it requires an upgrade and S 400 fits in perfectly. It is to be noted that Turkey had repeatedly
asked for the Patriot Air defense System from the U.S but was rejected by the Obama administration. The Patriot PAC 3 is being offered to it now,
but Turkey is no longer interested in it. Erdogan was quoted by NTV as saying: “One
S-400 is worth three Patriots. If the conditions are even equal to the S-400
(deal), we would buy Patriots, but if they are not, then we have to think of our interests,” S 400 is not just another run of the mill
system, its capabilities makes it the most powerful air defense system in the world. Russian S 400 air defense is a package consisting
of Radar, Command & Control center and Interceptor missiles S 400 can track hundreds of targets at a time,
engage up to 36 targets in parallel and simultaneously launch 72 missiles. The system has powerful hardware integrated
with the ‘state of art’ software in the backend. S 400 uses multiple radars depending on threat
perception. The primary one is either the 91N6E Big Bird
Acquisition and Battle Management Radar or 92N6E Grave Stone Multimode Engagement Radar
These have a range of around 600 km or around 370 miles. The main radar is complimented by target acquisition
radars like 67N6 Gamma De and 9N6 Protivnik Ge radars in L band, Nebo SVU in the Very
High-Frequency band and Nebo m & Zebu M in multiband. Nebo SVU & Zebu M is touted to have the ability
to detect stealth aircraft. S 400 uses multiple missiles to cover its
strike envelop. 1. Short-range 9M96E (40 km or 25 miles) with
an active radar homing head, having the capability to intercept targets flying at a speed up
to Mach 2.6 2. Medium-range 9M96E2 (120 km or 75 miles ) with
an active radar homing head, having the capability to intercept flying at a speed up to of Mach
3 3. Long-range 48N6 (250 km or 155 miles ) with
an active radar homing head, having the capability to intercept targets flying at a speed up
to of Mach 14 4. Very-long-range 40N6 (400 km or 250 miles)
with an active radar homing head, having the capability to intercept targets flying at
a speed up to Mach 14. There are 3 main reasons for the opposition
of S 400: 1. NATO as an organization likes to have interoperability. So, the Russian system will be out of place
and reduce tactical flexibility. 2. When Turkey operates the jets in the airspace
which is monitored by S 400, S 400 will be able to gather technical data such as radar
signature of F 35s. This could potentially pass onto Russian hands
and could undercut the main advantage of F35s that’s ‘stealth’. Viewers may note that F35 will be the backbone
of airforces of many NATO nations as well as countries like Israel & Japan going forward. 3. S 400 could be hooked to Turkish air defense
as part of an integrated air defense setup. This could be a major security breach as having
the S-400 linked into Turkish defense networks could potentially give Russian analysts access
to sensitive information that passes through the cloud-based, multi-national Autonomic
Logistics Information System (ALIS) system of F 35s. ALIS has critical mission data and flight
routes. Many important people have expressed reservation
when it comes to F 35 sells to Turkey if it acquired S 400 US Army Gen. Curtis Scaparrotti, the head
of US forces in Europe, told a Senate Armed Services Committee , “My best military advice
would be that we don’t then follow through with the F-35, flying it or working with an
ally that’s working with Russian systems, particularly air-defense systems, with what
I would say is probably one of most advanced technological capabilities.” NATO Allied Air Commander Gen. Tod Wolters
had stated, “Anything that an S-400 can do that affords it the ability to better understand
a capability like the F-35 is certainly not to the advantage of the coalition.” US President Donald Trump indicated in July
that the US will not sell F-35 fighter jets to Turkey. Trump had told reporters during a Cabinet
meeting at the White House, “It’s a very tough situation that they’re in. And it’s a very tough situation that we’ve
been placed in the United States,” Turkey had stated that the S-400 would neither
be integrated into NATO systems and hence pose a threat to the alliance. Viewers may note that President Trump has
blamed Obama admiration for the impasse and stated, “As soon as they found out that they were
going to have to buy the missiles, comparable missiles, not as good a missile, but a comparable
almost missile from Russia – all of a sudden everybody started rushing and saying to Turkey,
‘Okay, we’ll sell you the Patriot missile,” “But by that time, Turkey had already signed
and paid a lot of money to Russia for the missile system that they were not allowed
to buy here, foolishly. Because Turkey is a NATO member.” The United Stated wanted Turkey not to deploy
S 400 operationally but things are not going that way. The decision to activate the S 400 comes after
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that he told President Donald Trump during a meeting
this month that Turkey will go ahead with the deployment S 400. Turkey could now face sanctions and the relationship
could degrade even further if its plans to acquire more S 400 batteries get finalized. It remains to be seen how things pan out.

Tony wyaad