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Why The US Military Secretly Gave San Francisco A Mysterious Illness?

After the hell that was World War I’s chemical
weapon attacks, the US government felt a dire need to catch up to the rest of the world
in developing chemical and biological weapons for the next great conflict. With the signing of the Geneva Protocol in
1925 and its prohibition in the use of biological and chemical weapons in warfare though, the
US quickly lost interest. It wouldn’t be until the infamous Japanese
sneak attack on Pearl Harbor that the government would change course, suddenly seeing a need
to understand how vulnerable America was to a germ or chemical sneak attack. The sneak attack on Pearl Harbor caught the
US government completely unawares, and immediate after the attack fears grew: if the US was
vulnerable to a sneak conventional military attack of such scale, then just how vulnerable
was it to a chemical or biological weapon attack? Despite the signing of the Geneva Protocol
banning chemical and biological weapons, rumors of Japanese chemical and biological tests
on prisoners of war reached America’s intelligence agencies, and it was feared that a Japanese
or possibly German ship disguised as a simple freighter could park outside a major city
and spray chemicals or germs into the air, infecting hundreds of thousands of Americans. In 1942 President Roosevelt signed into action
the first biological warfare program which would be overseen by the National Academy
of Sciences. It’s primary aims were to develop biological
weapons for military use- should an enemy break international law then it was thought
that the US needed to be ready to retaliate in kind. The second aim however was to explore just
how vulnerable the US population and its infrastructure were to a chemical/biological attack. The War Research Service was thus created,
with George W. Merck, of the Merck pharmaceutical company, leading it. Work on developing new bio and chemical weapons
immediately began, though thankfully they were never used. At the end of the war Merck warned that work
on discovering America’s vulnerabilities and developing new capabilities to act as a deterrent
couldn’t be ignored during a time of peace. Merck went on to say, “It must be continued
on a sufficient scale to provide an adequate defense.” In 1948, a Committee on Biological Warfare
was established and overseen by bacteriologist Ira Baldwin, with one of its first reports
determining that the United States was extremely vulnerable to a sneak attack of chemical or
biological weapons. This report alarmed the President, who immediately
wanted to know just how vulnerable America was, yet this was something that could only
be discovered one way: a series of “open air tests” with real, live germs. In order to best simulate a hostile attack
with deadly bacteria, the Committee decided on the use of Bacillus globigii and Serratia
marcescens- two strains of bacteria believed to be non-pathogenic and relatively harmless
to humans. Serratia marcescens had one other major benefit
going for it- it would turn food and surfaces it colonized a bright red, making it easier
to identity and track its dispersion across a major city. With assurances that the bacteria involved
were harmless to humans, the green light was given for the first biological attack on US
soil, carried out by the US government itself. On September 20th, 1950, a US Navy vessel
steamed across the mouth of the San Francisco Bay. In her hold were millions of gallons of water
infested with the two strains of bacteria, which was pumped out and vaporized through
special nozzles. San Francisco was chosen because of its favorable
wind conditions and geography- wind coming in from the ocean would carry the bacteria
across the entire city, exactly the type of thing an enemy would seek to do in a real
attack. For 30 minutes, the navy ship sprayed thousands
of gallons of infected water into the morning fog, creating two-mile long clouds. Carefully monitoring time of release, temperature,
wind speed, and humidity, US agents then collected samples all across the city to see just how
far the bacteria were spread by the wind itself. For one whole week, September 20th through
September 27th, the government sprayed bacteria into San Francisco, monitoring how widely
they were dispersed. Not only were the bacteria used believed to
be harmless to humans, but another benefit of both strains of bacteria was their extreme
rarity in San Francisco or even California for that matter. That would make any reports of infections
easy to track. With seven days of spraying, nearly the entire
city received 500 particle minutes per liter of air breathed, meaning that almost all of
the 800,000 people in San Francisco at the time inhaled 5,000 or more particles per minute
during the several hours that the germs remained airborne. The government concluded that a sneak attack
using chemical or biological weapons was entirely feasible against an American city, and that
such an attack could result in the infection of the majority of a city. The entire exercise had gone off without a
hitch, and was a great success in revealing America’s vulnerability. Yet just days after the end of the spraying,
trouble began to pop up. A few days after the end of the test a 75
year old man named Edward Nevin contracted a urinary tract infection and fell extremely
ill. Just a month earlier he had gone a successful
prostrate gland surgery and was well on his way to recovery until the mysterious illness. Running several labs on Nevin, the hospital
was shocked to discover serratia marcescens, an extremely rare bacteria that had never
once been recorded in the hospital before. By mid October, the bacteria had spread to
Nevin’s heart and he died. Over the next six months ten more patients
were admitted into the hospital with infections caused by Serratia marcescens, though all
ten would recover. A panic ensued as doctors and researchers
tried to discover the cause of this sudden outbreak, fearful of a larger event on the
horizon. Yet no source could be identified, and thankfully
for the people of San Francisco the small outbreak seemed to disappear just as mysteriously
as it had started. The US government though took note of the
outbreak, conducting it’s own 4-man investigation into the matter. Their tests were supposed to help discover
the best way to protect people from an attack, not to actually make them sick. General William Creasy spearheaded an effort
to reassess the pathogenic nature of Serratia marcescens, and in a two-page report the investigators
explained that the bacteria was not an ideal simulant after the San Francisco illnesses. A bacteria that had previously been thought
to be completely harmless, had instead been found to be potentially fatal. Yet other government scientists concluded
that the bacteria was only fatal in extremely rare circumstances, and only for those with
severely weakened immune systems such as Edward Nevin’s. They went on to justify its use in continued
testing by saying, “On the basis of our study, we conclude that Serratia marcescens
is so rarely a cause of illness, and the illness resulting is predominantly so trivial, that
its use as a simulant should be continued, even over populated areas.” Thus government testing of biological agents
would continue for 25 years, all conducted in the dark. It wouldn’t be until 1969 when Richard Nixon
signed a law banning the testing of biological weapons that the experiments would stop, yet
the public wouldn’t even find out about the testing until the mid 1970s. Edward Nevin’s grandson would go on to sue
the US government over his grandfather’s death, though he would lose that lawsuit. A casualty in the US’s eagerness to prepare
for the worst case scenario, the death of Nevin was ultimately the only verified link
between severe illness or death and the US government’s biological testing on its own
cities- and in the eyes of a wary military on guard against an attack on its people by
an actual deadly microbe, a price worth paying. Do you think the US and other governments
still test weapons on their own populations? Oh, and if you found this video interesting,
make sure you watch our other video: Weapons Even The Military Made Illegal. See you next time!

Tony wyaad



  1. The Infographics Show Posted on February 28, 2019 at 7:57 am

    Which governments conspiracy, whether true or not, is your favorite?

  2. Commie Doggo Posted on March 1, 2019 at 3:28 am

    Vault Tec

  3. MrsSaxophonegirl Posted on March 1, 2019 at 3:33 am

    I wonder how many specially engineered bioweapons the government has.

  4. Serpent Omg Posted on March 1, 2019 at 3:56 am

    I used to live in San Francisco but now in Mexico

  5. living Octopus Posted on March 1, 2019 at 4:10 am

    Didn’t they poison alcohol during prohibition?

  6. AppalachianWolf Posted on March 1, 2019 at 4:54 am


  7. Bloo Sapphire Posted on March 1, 2019 at 5:16 am

    Where's the "time"?

  8. RICO MAZII Posted on March 1, 2019 at 12:11 pm

    So were can’t trust our own government

  9. RICO MAZII Posted on March 1, 2019 at 12:17 pm

    So were the government test subjects

  10. FBI OPEN UP Posted on March 1, 2019 at 1:35 pm

    Karma has been served.

  11. FBI OPEN UP Posted on March 1, 2019 at 1:35 pm

    Thanos would like to know your location

  12. Brian Johnson Posted on March 1, 2019 at 2:49 pm

    ….that time the government gave Oakland heroine and San Francisco LSD 🤷🏾‍♂️

  13. Ja Son Posted on March 1, 2019 at 4:10 pm

    See you next…?

  14. 123 456 Posted on March 1, 2019 at 4:59 pm

    Americans, your government has always been testing things on you for ages, and even now. Take up arms, and overthrow them. You have guns for a reason

  15. same051611 Posted on March 1, 2019 at 6:16 pm

    See ya nex—…

  16. jaden p Posted on March 1, 2019 at 6:49 pm

    What is the point of using bacteria if you cant track it anyway?

  17. dafff08 Posted on March 1, 2019 at 7:25 pm

    whats with the endi

  18. Franco_Spams-L2 Posted on March 1, 2019 at 9:07 pm

    Sub to me idk why

  19. Crystal Posted on March 2, 2019 at 12:45 am

    was this why i kept getting sick?

  20. Jt Williams Posted on March 2, 2019 at 12:54 am

    Would we know it if the US government used biological or chemical warfare during wartime? Unlikely, given that these weapons can be plausibly denied.

  21. UrsoJ123 Posted on March 2, 2019 at 1:26 am

    That's why Californians are so weird… Hmpf, libtards.

  22. Christopher Schulz Posted on March 2, 2019 at 1:57 am

    America: We need to defend the US against biological warfare.

    Also America: Let's test biological warfare on our citizens

  23. Blue Dude Posted on March 2, 2019 at 4:36 pm

    Corruption still exists in governments today

  24. Wolfie Posted on March 2, 2019 at 11:00 pm

    Don't forget the human white blood cells that fell from the sky in Oregon(?)

  25. Oj Achi Posted on March 3, 2019 at 1:50 am

    Shady business…

  26. Homer Simpson Posted on March 4, 2019 at 8:36 am

    It’s not a question why, that’s just the US government for you.

  27. Prudish Mouse Posted on March 4, 2019 at 12:57 pm

    They still do it but with Chem Trails

  28. Has Amanda Posted on March 5, 2019 at 1:43 am

    10 people infected 1 person died. i think the tests were well worth it cause imagine that situation but instead of a 0.000000000001% fatality rate it has a 95% fatality rate but the difference in scenario is the us government has no fukin idea what to do or how to stop it at least with these tests they would have an idea as to where the bio weapon would reach and be able to effectively quarantine

  29. FierySnow1 Posted on March 5, 2019 at 5:08 am

    All these people commenting about the flu… THE FLU IS CAUSED BY A VIRUS, not bacteria. The government did not give you the flu.

  30. Charming_Prism Posted on March 6, 2019 at 8:31 pm

    Well thats really disturbing to know….we are nothing but cattle.

  31. pan af Posted on March 14, 2019 at 4:18 pm

    I don't care if it's supposed to be harmless you poisoning your own poeple anything could have went wrong.

  32. Singularity 678 Posted on March 16, 2019 at 1:11 am

    Imagine typing chem trails unironically

  33. Kalen Ko Posted on March 16, 2019 at 5:27 am

    I lived in the San Francisco Bay Area all my life and I had no idea this happened

  34. Darkshadow • 30 years ago Posted on March 19, 2019 at 12:25 am

    Wait what? Idk it's just me or Japan look normal now..

  35. Ryan S Posted on March 19, 2019 at 2:19 am

    Operation sea spray

  36. Retronical& Cicada GD Posted on March 20, 2019 at 1:48 am

    SAN Francisco Is a bio weapon

  37. Smart Cookie Posted on March 22, 2019 at 2:00 pm

    There’s no one of importance in San Fran, they’re all guinea pigs.

  38. michael cruz Posted on March 22, 2019 at 7:31 pm

    On 1 hand it's terrifying that those in charge of protecting us would do this but on the other hand it was San Francisco so it's fine.

  39. Madi Hsu Posted on March 22, 2019 at 8:42 pm

    My question is how do you know this

  40. Vanraj vannu006 Posted on March 24, 2019 at 1:06 pm

    It was goernment

  41. Lala Chahooey Hooey Channel Posted on March 24, 2019 at 9:56 pm

    Of course they still doing it, they call it the flu

  42. Gamer3172 Posted on March 25, 2019 at 10:42 am

    Murica.. land of the free …👌😂😂😂

  43. Jump_man16 Posted on March 26, 2019 at 12:20 am

    Military: stay were you are

  44. Duy Phuc Nguyen Posted on March 26, 2019 at 1:08 pm

    It’s called Democracy :))

  45. KAL Blades Posted on March 26, 2019 at 5:07 pm

    Just think what the government is testing on us now.

  46. wolfninja 1849 Posted on March 27, 2019 at 2:15 am

    Soooo… The dislikes are San Francisco?

  47. Liberty Prime Posted on March 27, 2019 at 3:55 am

    0:50 yeah there is no rumor, it actually happened. Research Unit 731, Infographics

  48. Philip Gernert Posted on March 27, 2019 at 5:55 am

    I live 30 mins from San Francisco

  49. Layer_of_Blubber /Paradox_donut Posted on March 27, 2019 at 8:47 am

    The U.S government wants to know your location

  50. Joel Fonanih Posted on March 29, 2019 at 3:48 am

    I didn't know the golden gate bridge was in the east

  51. gabe Resendez Posted on March 29, 2019 at 7:28 am

    ya “completely” unaware 😂😂

  52. Harrison Zhou Posted on March 30, 2019 at 12:47 am

    Imagine E.Coli in San Francisco’s water

  53. Joyce Sowell Posted on April 3, 2019 at 10:16 pm

    This is how they started the AIDS virus. In San Francisco.

  54. jcml7198 Posted on April 5, 2019 at 5:44 pm

    I’m sure I’m not the only one who has said this, but be careful. This video gives the wrong idea about your channel.

  55. Beto2 data Chavez Posted on April 16, 2019 at 7:46 pm

    How would anyone take any shred of this serious when everyone keeps joking and laughing at this

  56. L Cole Jackson Posted on April 17, 2019 at 3:58 am

    Hey at least they didn't test nuclear bombs where you live.

  57. Adriano C Posted on April 17, 2019 at 5:04 pm

    Not sure whether the governments are also involved somehow, but the companies surely have been spreading diseases through vaccines.

  58. Runenut Posted on April 20, 2019 at 5:26 am

    if true, that's a violation of human rights, isn't it? infecting the people without their knowledge… almost like a mild mkultra

  59. Uno Reverse Posted on April 25, 2019 at 4:52 pm

    Wasn’t it to show biological and chemical warfare weapons would spread?

    Or am I just all wrong

  60. ScottaHemi Posted on April 26, 2019 at 2:23 am

    and the city has never been the same sense…

  61. Shoot to kill Posted on April 26, 2019 at 6:10 am

    We killing each other we all we got something In space is like laughing at us .humanity Is pethatic

  62. Sheela Sabu Posted on May 1, 2019 at 11:03 am

    What If they accidentally made a fatal virus and a global endemic would begin

  63. Chuck's poke Posted on May 5, 2019 at 3:47 pm

    How did the government lose the law suit if the bacteria used was the bacteria same as the one the government used and before the incident had never been present in the area?

  64. nothing SO FAR Posted on May 10, 2019 at 8:54 am

    usa use punch
    Usa: HURTs itSELF (confusion)

    I'm bad at pokemon reference and I can't spell

  65. Chlo_Z Posted on May 14, 2019 at 6:27 pm

    Government Intelligence: "We could be attacked by biological warfare."
    US Government: " Not if we do it first "

  66. BRUCEY OF THE 7 SEAS Posted on May 23, 2019 at 9:34 pm

    Government: how do we protect our people from biological weapons?

    Also the government: pump san francisco with biological weapons😂

  67. Rein Ancelin Fiedalan Posted on May 24, 2019 at 9:40 am

    They are under attacking their selves

  68. Edward Chaffin Posted on May 26, 2019 at 4:27 am

    More than likely

  69. James DeGray Posted on May 28, 2019 at 3:00 pm

    Ever hear of painting the town red?

  70. James DeGray Posted on May 28, 2019 at 3:02 pm

    Merek scientists testing Ebola in africa with the help of the world health organization, and were doing it through subverted members of CDC.

  71. Mr. Blue Posted on May 31, 2019 at 2:30 pm

    Kinda reminds me of the fallout universe were they make the fev or other experiments

  72. theforcebewithu Posted on May 31, 2019 at 9:02 pm

    This is why I don't trust the government /:

  73. Zackery Daley Posted on June 1, 2019 at 6:15 pm

    The Japanese tried chemical attacks on the US

  74. Baglesrfine Posted on June 2, 2019 at 4:53 am

    Wait a minute you had 1948 as a date with roosevelt yet he died before the end of WWII hmmmmmmm

  75. Zachary Kimmel Posted on June 5, 2019 at 3:29 am

    I feel like this is some anti vaxxer propaganda

  76. battlefield fan Posted on June 12, 2019 at 12:55 pm

    V per vendetta intensified

  77. Apple Jak Posted on June 13, 2019 at 5:05 am

    But we were aware of pearl harbor

  78. Zachery Barrett Posted on June 18, 2019 at 2:30 am

    Well it didn't work

  79. Max L Posted on July 5, 2019 at 6:18 pm

    wow thats messed up

  80. Carlos Turris Posted on July 22, 2019 at 12:21 am

    Goverrea51 does that chemical for trying to invade It

  81. TheJasonCombee76 Posted on August 3, 2019 at 11:28 am

    San Francisco, now it all makes sense!

  82. Michael Holderbaum Posted on August 5, 2019 at 8:35 pm

    San Francisco needs a life ending plague right now.

  83. Shalucard Posted on August 10, 2019 at 5:16 pm

    It's crazy how people didn't match to the White House guns trotting over this, bit then again people have become lazy over the time..

  84. Eugenist Technocrat Posted on August 11, 2019 at 8:02 am

    Don't trust the (((goverment)))

  85. John Dee Posted on September 3, 2019 at 8:37 am

    I think they still test weapons on their own people. I'm convinced that the resent attack on American and Canadian people working in Embassy's in Cuba, was some sort weapons test by their own government.

  86. Christine Ståle Sørensen Posted on September 6, 2019 at 3:40 pm

    This is fake

  87. Michael Constantine Posted on September 7, 2019 at 6:46 pm

    Testing, they are purpousely poisoning the population.

  88. Mikhail Angel Posted on September 8, 2019 at 8:03 am

    War on information (INTERNET) government Agencies assessing vulnerability and counter act It's effects, reinforced It's countermeasures against adversaries

  89. Boris Be loud us Posted on September 9, 2019 at 2:25 pm

    Incoming HAARPA dragging hurricanes into the USA from Cuba or mobile.

  90. Lillian kline Posted on September 9, 2019 at 3:53 pm

    Too shorten down population my guess. The American government can do whatever heck they want

  91. Street Outlaw Posted on September 10, 2019 at 12:58 am

    The United States government holds the patent for Ebola and it's various mutations.

  92. Elmer Balota Posted on September 12, 2019 at 9:48 am

    The horrors of America suddenly testing humans by chemical weapons.
    You do know the coast guard should have just created a line to whatever ships that would enter shall be inspected.
    Lemme guess, your gonna test us with PHOXGENE GAS?!!!! HUH?!
    This is what i hate about the government, lies and shadow secrets